Publications

The Institute publishes the Qedem Series (edited by Sue Grodetsky until 2013 and by Nava Panitz-Cohen from 2014).  

These monographs are the main venue of publication for reports on the Institute’s excavations and their finds.

The volumes are is published in English and appears in two formats: Qedem and Qedem Reports.

Studies conducted by the Institute’s members and advanced students are published in books and peer-reviewed international journals.

To order the Qedem and Qedem Report volumes, please contact: 

Israel Exploration Society

P.O.B. 7041

Jerusalem 9107001, Israel

Tel.: 972-2-6257991

Fax: 972-2-6247772

Web: israelexplorationsociety.huji.ac.il

Filter our Publications

Forthcoming. “QEDEM REPORTS.” Excavations at Dor, Final Report.Volume IIB. Area G: The Late Bronze Age and Iron Age.
Forthcoming. “QEDEM REPORTS.” Sha‘ar Hagolan 5. Early Pyrotechnology: Pottery, Ceramic Artifacts and White Ware Vessels.
Orit Peleg-Barkat. 2017. “QEDEM 57.” Edited by EILAT MAZAR. The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem, 1968–1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar Final Reports Volume V. Herodian Architectural Decoration and King Herod’s Royal Portico.Abstract
This is the fifth volume devoted to the final reports of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem excavations at the foot of the Temple Mount, to the south and southwest, which were directed by Prof. Benjamin Mazar (1968-1978) and are published in the Qedem Monograph series of the Institute of Archaeology. These excavations were of the largest scale conducted in Israel and are of tremendous importance, owing to both their scope and location. The present volume publishes a rich corpus of 500 architectural decorative fragments from the Second Temple period found in the excavations. The stylistic, technological and historical study of these fragments clarifies issues concerning the architecture, decoration and date of some of the structures built in the southern part of the enclosure, mainly the Royal Portico, one of most elaborate buildings in Judea of this period, and the Double Gate vestibule.
A. ZARZECKI-PELEG. 2016. “QEDEM 56.” Yadin's Expedition to Megiddo. Final Report of the Archaeological Excavations (1960, 1966, 1967 and 1971/2 Seasons).Abstract

This volume publishes the results of the excavations conducted at Tel Megiddo by Yigael Yadin in four short seasons (1960, 1966, 1967 and 1971/2). The expedition's main focus was the northeastern sector of the mound, where excavation uncovered the remains of an extensive public structure attributed to Stratum VA/VB, which was named "Palace 6000". Additional probes were carried out in Area C in the southwestern part of the mound, intended to examine the stratigraphic connection with Gallery 629 and the cave of the spring, and Sounding 2153 in the area of the staircase outside the outer Iron Age gate.
Based on the surviving documentation, the volume presents the architectural remains and ceramic assemblages uncovered in the excavation, together with the hoard of small finds (Stratum VIA) found below "Palace 6000". The author presents Yadin's conclusions as well as her own interpretation of the results of the excavation, and offers a new stratigraphic analysis of some previously published Iron Age II remains excavated by other expeditions.

ELIAS KHAMIS. 2013. “QEDEM 55.” The Fatimid Metalwork Hoard from Tiberias (Tiberias: Excavations in the House of the Bronzes Final Report, Volume II).Abstract

This volume deals with a metalwork hoard of the Fatimid period comprising about a thousand bronze vessels discovered in excavations directed by the late Prof. Yizhar Hirschfeld and Dr. Oren Gutfeld. The hoard, dated to the end of the eleventh century, was discovered within three pottery pithoi in a structure defined by the excavators as a metal workshop. This volume illustrates and describes the items of the hoard, comparing them to parallels from excavations in various sites in the Muslim world and from private collections. The vessels of the hoard are found to be typical in form and decoration of the Fatimid period in the eastern Mediterranean and display a marked resemblance to the contemporary hoard found at Caesarea. The wealth of the hoard testifies to the prosperity of Tiberias in the Fatimid period.

QEDEM 54
ALON DE GROOT and HANNAH BERNICK-GREENBERG. 2012. “QEDEM 54.” Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Volume VIIB: Area E: The Finds.Abstract

This is the companion volume to Qedem 53, devoted to the finds of the excavations in Area E. Chapters are devoted to detailed study of the pottery assemblages of the Hellenistic period, Persian period, Iron Age IIA and IIB, Middle Bronze Age, and Early Bronze Age and earlier periods. Each of these chapters is accompanied by photographs of the pottery, typological figures and figures showing the assemblages of key loci. Other chapters are devoted to reports on the human remains from the Hellenistic cemetery; scarabs, scaraboids, other stamp seals and seal impressions; and a stone cosmetic palette. Further chapters report in summary fashion on Late Bronze Age pottery, miscellaneous pottery finds, small finds and varia, and metal artifacts.

ALON DE GROOT and HANNAH BERNICK-GREENBERG. 2012. “QEDEM 53.” Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Volume VIIA: Area E: Stratigraphy and Architecture.Abstract

Area E is the largest of the City of David's excavation areas, situated in the middle of the steep eastern slope of the ridge. The excavations presented many stratigraphic problems arising from the building of structures on a slope and the erosion of the area. Despite this, the excavations revealed an impressive sequence of architectural remains: a terrace system and cist grave cemetery of the Hellenistic period, restricted but significant finds of the Persian period, limited remains of Iron Age IIA and extensive Iron Age IIB structures adjacent to the Iron Age city wall, important remains of the Middle Bronze Age including a massive city wall, and well-preserved dwellings of the Early Bronze Age (the earliest architectural remains so far published from Jerusalem). The text volume with photographs and figures is accompanied by a separate volume containing folded plans and sections.

 

QEDEM 52
EILAT MAZAR. 2011. “QEDEM 52.” The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968-1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar, Final Reports Volume IV: The Tenth Legion in Aelia Capitolina.Abstract

Building remains and many finds dating from the second and third centuries CE were revealed during the excavations at the foot of the Temple Mount enclosure. These finds furnish good reason to suppose that on the foundation of Aelia Capitolina in the second century CE, the camp of the Tenth Legion was moved from its original location on the Western Hill to the Temple Mount enclosure and the area at the foot of its southwestern corner. This volume presents buildings revealed in the excavations that were apparently major structures of the Tenth Legion's camp, such as a large military-style bathhouse and a bakery. Other finds attesting to the presence of the legion include a bread stamp, inscriptions, gemstones, marble statuary, metal finds, and above all more than 240 stamp impressions of the Tenth Legion, some found in situ on broken bricks of the ovens in the bakery or on complete bricks in the floor of the bathhouse. The volume also presents the rich pottery assemblages found in the various buildings.

QEDEM 50
T. DOTHAN and B. BRANDL. 2010. “QEDEM 50.” Deir el-Balah: Excavations in 1977-1982 in the Cemetery and Settlement. Vol. II: The Finds.Abstract

Vol. II of the final report on the excavations in the cemetery and settlement of Deir el-Balah discusses the finds from the excavations. First comes a typological presentation of the ceramic finds, in which the Late Bronze Age pottery is discussed by category and the ceramic finds of the later periods are presented by stratum. Next various chapters present the other finds. Finally, the site is placed in its context in a historical discussion.

QEDEM 51
OREN GUTFELD. 2010. “QEDEM 51.” Ramla: Excavations North of the White Mosque.Abstract

The present volume presents the results of probe and salvage excavations carried out in several areas north of the White Mosque in Ramla. The archaeological remains discovered reflect a clear stratigraphic/chronological continuity from the first half of the eighth until the eleventh century. The rich finds from the excavation contribute much to the understanding of Ramla's historical and urban development. Chapters are devoted to the extensive assemblages of pottery, glass, coins, metal artifacts, metallurgical remains, stone vessels, clay figurines, and bone artifacts. To date, this is the largest and most comprehensive of the archaeological reports published on excavations in Ramla, and it is sure to serve as a tool for a wide range of future scholarly research.

QEDEM 49
T. DOTHAN and B. BRANDL. 2010. “QEDEM 49.” Deir el-Balah: Excavations in 1977-1982 in the Cemetery and Settlement. Vol. 1: Stratigraphy and Architecture.Abstract

This volume and the companion volume Qedem 50 comprise the final report of the excavations carried out at Deir el-Balah in the Gaza Strip. The excavations in the cemetery continued those carried out in 1972-3, which uncovered three anthropoid coffins and rich burial offerings; the later excavations uncovered a further anthropoid coffin and numerous simple burials. The excavations in the settlement uncovered remains of a large Egyptian-type administrative residence of the Amarna period, an Egyptian-type military fortress of the period of Seti I constructed on the remains of the residence, and a large industrial complex of the 13th century BCE, followed by later strata lacking architectural remains. Vol. I contains a description of the excavation of the cemetery and its finds, a stratigraphic presentation of the remains of the settlement site, a discussion of the Egyptian character of the architecture at the site, and chapters on the kilns area in the settlement and the geological background of the site.

Y. GARFINKEL and D. Ben-Shlomo. 2009. “QEDEM REPORTS 9.” Sha'ar Hagolan 2: The Rise of Urban Concepts in the Ancient Near East.Abstract

This is the second of the final reports on the excavation of the Neolithic site of Sha‘ar Hagolan in the Jordan Valley of Israel, which presents and analyzes the architecture and stratigraphy of the site. Sha‘ar Hagolan was a major settlement in numerous respects: its large size (20 hectares), the earliest known appearance of the courtyard house concept in its large dwelling complexes, and its planned layout with an organized network of passageways, including straight main streets that were regularly resurfaced. In addition, the well uncovered at the site, one of the oldest in the world, reveals sophisticated hydrological technology. These revolutionary discoveries have completely altered our understanding of the 6th millennium BCE and shed new light on the rise of urban concepts in the ancient Near East.

QEDEM 48
Y. HIRSCHFELD and O. GUTFELD. 2008. “QEDEM 48.” Excavations in the House of Bronzes, Final Report, Volume I: Architecture, Stratigraphy and Small Finds.Abstract

This volume is the first of the two-volume final report of the salvage excavations carried out in Tiberias in 1998. The main architectural remains are those of a well-built quarter of the Fatimid period displaying evidence of urban planning. One of the structures was named "The House of the Bronzes" after the hoard of hundreds of bronze vessels, as well as parts of vessels and scrap, found in three large pottery vessels, two sunk under the floor and the third placed behind a wall. This was most likely a workshop engaged in the repair and production of metal vessels. The pithoi also contained 85 coins, most of them Byzantine coins dated 976~1078 CE. Consequently, the hoard appears to have been deposited at the end of the eleventh century. It is the largest and richest assemblage of Fatimid-period vessels ever excavated. The current volume deals with the architecture and stratigraphy of the site, as well as presenting reports on the finds other than the metal vessels of the hoard: coins, pottery, glass, bone and stone items, archaeozoological remains and shells. It also includes scientific analyses of the metal vessels and the coins. A second volume (by E. Khamis) to be published shortly will present the vessels of the metalwork hoard.

EILAT MAZAR. 2007. “QEDEM 46.” The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968-1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar, Final Reports Vol. III: The Byzantine Period.
QEDEM 47
Y. GARFINKEL and D. DAG. 2007. “QEDEM 47.” Neolithic Ashkelon.Abstract

As a result of development work in the Israeli coastal town of Ashkelon, salvage excavations were conducted in 1997 and 1998 in an area in which Neolithic remains had been uncovered in the 1950s by Jean Perrot. The new excavations achieved a horizontal exposure of some 800 square meters and revealed, apart from meager material of the Epi-Paleolithic, Late Chalcolithic, and Roman/Byzantine periods, an extensive occupation dating from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic C. This occupation was characterized by a single wall and numerous pits, hearths, and animal bones. The excavated area yielded a large sample of flint items, enabling a comprehensive analysis of the industry. The numerous mammal bones shed light on the rise of pastoral societies in the southern Levant. The assemblage of fish bones points to the beginning of intensive exploitation of marine resources. Human remains attest to mortuary practices. Exotic and other imported items reflect long-distance exchange networks. Altogether, the excavation of Ashkelon has brought to light a vivid picture of a PPNC community that lived on the Mediterranean coast some nine thousand years ago.

2006. “QEDEM 45.” Timnah (Tel Batash) III: The Finds from the Second Millennium BCE.Abstract

This third and final volume of the final reports on the excavations at Timnah (Tel Batash) between 1977 and 1989 presents the finds from the second millennium BCE (Strata XII-V), together with some specialized reports on particular categories of finds from the entire stratigraphic sequence. This is one of the richest known sequences of stratified finds, spanning a period of about 700 years, from the Middle Bronze IIB until the end of Iron Age I. The pottery assemblages and the other finds published here have important implications for many issues treated in studies of the second millennium BCE, such as the gradual change in the local material culture during this time range, the transition between the Middle and Late Bronze and between the Late Bronze and Iron I, household organization, settlement ranking and cultural interaction in the Late Bronze, and the relationship of this peripheral town in the northern Shephelah with the great nearby political centers of Gezer (during the Middle and Late Bronze) and Tel Miqne-Ekron (during Iron I).

AMNON BEN-TOR, ANABEL ZARZECKI-PELEG, and SHULAMIT COHEN-ANDIJAR. 2005. “QEDEM REPORTS 6.” Yoqne'am II: The Iron Age and the Persian Period (Final Report of the Archaeological Excavations 1977-1988).Abstract

This volume presents the architecture and finds of the Iron Age Strata XVIII-XI and the limited architecture and pottery of the Persian period Strata X-VIII at Tel Yoqne'am. The almost uninterrupted sequence of Iron Age strata span the twelfth/eleventh centuries through the last third of the eighth century BCE; architectural remains include a water system that is one of the very few in the country that are securely dated to the tenth century and two superimposed defense systems. The dense stratigraphic sequence made possible a detailed analysis of the development of pottery types through the Iron Age strata. The results of this study are particularly important with regard to the current debate on the "traditional" versus the "low" chronology of the Iron Age II.

AMNON BEN-TOR, DORON BEN-AMI, and ARIELLA LIVNEH. 2005. “QEDEM REPORTS 7.” Yoqne'am III: The Middle and Late Bronze Ages (Final Report of the Archaeological Excavations 1977-1988).
SHULAMIT HADAD. 2005. “QEDEM REPORTS 8.” Bet Shean 2: Islamic Glass Vessels from the Hebrew University Excavations at Bet Shean.
R. TALGAM and Z. WEISS. 2004. “QEDEM 44.” The Mosaics of the House of Dionysos at Sepphoris Excavated by E. M. Meyers, E. Netzer and C. L. Meyers.Abstract

The size and artistic richness of the mosaic in the triclinium of the House of Dionysos, and the diversity of the depictions relating to Dionysos and his cult as actually celebrated in the Roman period, as well as the complex relationship between Dionysos and Herakles reflected in some of the floor’s panels, make it outstanding among the finds from Sepphoris. Chapters in this volume present an overview of the other mosaic floors of the same general period in Israel and Jordan; the building itself and the architectural and archaeological data (including the pottery) provided by its excavation; a detailed description of the Dionysiac mosaic and its iconography; a stylistic analysis of the mosaic with comparisons to other mosaics in the region and discussion of the evidence for its dating; the technical features of the mosaic; the mosaics found in the other parts of the structure; and the unique decorative program of the mosaic and its implications, the value of the mosaic as a historical and cultural source, and the questions of its ownership and purpose.

AMNON BEN-TOR, RUHAMA BONFIL, and SHARON ZUCKERMAN. 2003. “QEDEM REPORTS 5.” Tel Qashish: A Village in the Jezreel Valley: Final Report of the Archaeological Excavations (1978–1987).Abstract

The eight seasons of excavation at the small site of Tel Qashish were conducted as part of the Yoqne‘am Regional Project that also included the excavations at Tel Qiri and Tel Yoqne‘am and a survey of the western Jezreel Valley. Remains consisting mainly of domestic structures and dating principally from the Early Bronze Age I to the Late Bronze Age were uncovered at Tel Qashish. The present volume presents the architecture, pottery assemblages and pottery typology of the three main periods, the EB I, EB II–III and Middle to Late Bronze Ages, with a description of the minor remains of later periods. The volume also includes overviews of the settlement history of the site in the different periods, a petrographic study of the EB II–III pottery and discussions of special finds, such as a cylinder seal and seal impressions, decorated bones, a bead, figurines, chipped stone artifacts, human skeletal remains, shell beads, freshwater clams and landsnails, and botanical and faunal remains.

QEDEM 43
EILAT MAZAR. 2003. “QEDEM 43.” The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968–1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar Final Reports Vol. II: The Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods.Abstract

This volume is the second of the final reports on the excavations carried out under the direction of Benjamin Mazar in 1968–1978 (the first volume was published as Qedem 29). The excavations at the foot of the southern wall and the southeast corner of the enclosure of the Temple Mount were conducted on a huge scale and eventually extended over an area of about eight acres. Part One of the present volume presents the architecture and finds of three Byzantine structures in Areas XV and XVII. Part Two presents the “House of the Menorot”, a Byzantine and Early Islamic building in Area VI. Part Three presents three probably residential structures of the Byzantine period in Areas III and XII. The architectural description of these structure is accompanied by presentation of their rich assemblages of finds. Separate chapters are devoted to special groups of finds from the excavations: pottery vessels, pottery and glass lamps, coins and flan molds, an ossuary, inscriptions, stamped roof tiles and bricks, ecclesiastical furniture, arms and pottery figurines.

SHULAMIT HADAD. 2002. “QEDEM REPORTS 4.” Bet Shean 1: The Oil Lamps from the Hebrew University Excavations at Bet Shean.Abstract

Qedem Reports 4 is the first volume of the final reports of the large-scale excavations conducted by the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem at Bet Shean-Scythopolis between 1980 and 1996. The present study constitutes the full publication of the local and imported clay lamps, lamp molds, bronze lamps and clay lanterns found by the expedition, ranging in date from the Hellenistic to the Mamluk periods. The volume opens with a short introduction to the excavations at Bet Shean, illustrated with plans and photographs, which places the lamps in their historical and stratigraphic context. Of approximately 2800 classifiable lamps and fragments found in the excavations, 534 are illustrated and discussed within the typological framework, and statistics are given for the different typological groups. The importance of this assemblage lies first and foremost in its having been found in an archaeological excavation, allowing most of the lamps to be dated on the basis of the contexts in which they were found. Some of the types have been discovered only at Bet Shean and lack parallels at other sites in Palestine or neighboring countries, while others attest to connections with other parts of the region that vary from period to period. The final chapter is dedicated to examining the connections between lamp finds from Bet Shean and different regions in Palestine, and the connections with the neighboring countries of Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt.

QEDEM 42
AMIHAI MAZAR and NAVA PANITZ-COHEN. 2001. “QEDEM 42.” Timnah (Tel Batash) II: The Finds from the First Millennium BCE.Abstract

This second two-volume set of the final report on the excavations at Timnah (Tel Batash) in the northern Shephelah of Judah presents the pottery and other finds from the first millennium BCE, i.e. the Iron Age II and the Persian period (Strata IV–I), with a few stray finds of the Hellenistic period. The major part of the text volume is devoted to detailed typological and comparative discussion of the pottery, accompanied by examination of aspects such as surface treatment, provenience, and distribution by stratum and in particular architectural units. In the remainder of the volume different classes of finds are presented: these include inscriptions and seal impressions, figurative clay objects, metal objects, stone objects, and various other classes of small finds. The concluding chapter presents additional conclusions that stem from the material presented in the volume, exploring issues relating to chronology, geopolitics and the Iron Age society and economy. The plates volume contains 106 plates of drawings of pottery and other objects, arranged according to homogeneous architectural units or groups of loci of similar stratigraphic nature in each of the excavation areas.

QEDEM 40
2000. “QEDEM 40.” Excavations in the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. V: Extramural Areas.Abstract

This volume comprises a report on excavation areas located outside the Canaanite-Israelite city wall of the City of David. First are stratigraphic reports of Areas B and D1, two of the four excavation areas located east of the city wall on the eastern slope of the City of David hill. They are followed by a report on pottery finds from the two areas and a discussion that focuses on the most significant aspect of the finds in all four areas, namely the existence of extramural quarters in part of the Israelite period (especially Stratum 12). This volume concentrates on finds from the major strata from the City of David, from the Iron Age. The material presented here will contribute to a clearer understanding of biblical Jerusalem, for which, despite the large number of excavations there, well-documented archaeological data are still rare.

QEDEM 41
2000. “QEDEM 41.” Excavations in the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. VI: Inscriptions.Abstract

This volume presents the inscribed finds and related material from all areas and strata of the City of David excavations. Chapters are devoted to Hebrew and Aramaic inscriptions, inscribed pottery, Hebrew bullae, bullae with figurative decoration, Lmlk seal impressions and concentric circles, a Hebrew seal and seal impressions, rosette-stamped handles, incised handles, and locally stamped handles and associated body fragments of the Persian and Hellenistic periods. Appendices are devoted to an Arabic ostracon and potsherds with incised South Arabian letters. A concordance to Volumes V–VI of the City of David reports (Qedem 40 and 41) concludes the volume.

QEDEM 38
YIZHAR HIRSCHFELD. 1999. “QEDEM 38.” The Early Byzantine Monastery at Khirbet ed-Deir in the Judean Desert: The Excavations in 1981-1987.Abstract

Khirbet ed-Deir is one of the most isolated and remote monastic sites of the Judean Desert. The well-preserved remains of the monastery, founded in the late fifth or early sixth century CE, are concealed in a rocky gorge some 30 km south of Jerusalem. The preserved architectural remains, described in detail in the first chapter, include a stable, a gatehouse and hospice, a baptistery, a large cave church, a burial recess and chapel, a kitchen and refectory, living quarters, an elaborate water supply system and agricultural terraces. Subsequent chapters present all of the finds made at the site: the four Greek inscriptions, rich mosaic pavements, marble furnishings and fittings, fresco fragments, pottery vessels, glass and coins. The concluding chapter comprises a general discussion, placing the results of the excavations in the context of literary sources on monasticism in the Judean Desert and the remains of other monasteries in the region.

QEDEM 39
YOSEF GARFINKEL. 1999. “QEDEM 39.” Neolithic and Chalcolithic Pottery of the Southern Levant.Abstract

This volume establishes a coherent typological framework for the description and analysis of pottery products manufactured in the southern Levant from the sixth to the first half of the fourth millennia BCE, enabling the subdivision of the period into cultural phases and their classification into the Pottery Neolithic and Early, Middle and Late Chalcolithic periods. In the typological analysis the study concentrates on key sites and assemblages from clear archaeological contexts, presenting quantitative analyses wherever possible, though examples from a wide variety of sites are illustrated. Particular emphasis is placed on the regional character of the assemblages. Both relative and absolute chronologies are established, the latter based on the available radiometric datings. The volume is copiously illustrated with line drawings and photographs, presenting for the first time a complete picture of the pottery of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods.

QEDEM 36
AVRAHAM NEGEV. 1997. “QEDEM 36.” The Architecture of Oboda: Final Report.Abstract

The Nabatean site of Oboda (Avdat), excavated in 1958-1961, 1975-1977, and 1989, is renowned for its imposing architectural remains. The final report presents the architectural remains of the Nabatean sacred compound, of which the retaining walls, the temple court, the staircase tower, and the magnificent portal have survived, as well as the remains of a small temple identified with the deified King Obodas and discovered in 1989. Remains of the Late Roman period include a well-preserved tower, a patrician villa, and a burial cave. In the Late Roman-Byzantine period a citadel with walls and towers was built. Byzantine remains include the two churches constructed within the Nabatean sacred compound, a cave dwelling, a burial cave, and a bath house. Special reports describe the Late Roman and Byzantine architectural decoration, architectural elements in secondary use, coins, and small finds, including the splendid hoard of bronzes.

QEDEM 37
A. MAZAR. 1997. “QEDEM 37.” Timnah (Tel Batash) I: Stratigraphy and Architecture.Abstract

The site of Tel Batash is identified with Biblical Timnah, well known as the setting of the Samson stories. The final report of its stratigraphy and architecture provides a comprehensive picture of the history of the town. Its distinctive square shape and concave surface were determined by the ramparts of the Middle Bronze Age. The unwalled Late Bronze Age town contained several patrician houses. Philistine Timnah was a substantial and densely built-up site and the excavations provided evidence of the existence of a city wall. In the 10th century BCE the town was unwalled and sparsely settled, but the earliest phase of the city gate probably dates from this period. Timnah of the 8th-7th centuries BCE was defended by a stone wall and a city gate. The densely built-up town included large public buildings, private dwellings, and evidence of an olive oil industry. This two-part set consists of a text volume, lavishly illustrated by photographs and schematic plans, and a volume containing 107 detailed plans and sections.

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