Biblical Archaeology department


Prof. Yosef Garfinkel

Yigael Yadin Chair in Archaeology of Israel

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Professor at the Institute of Archaeology, in the Biblical department. 

Research Interests: The Neolithic period of the Near East, The history of dance, The Chalcolithic period, The Biblical Kingdom of Judah.


Proto-history of Israel and the Near East, Bronze and Iron Age in Israel and the Near East, Ceramics, Art and Ritual, Archaeology and history of Dance

Ongoing Projects:

Graduate Students:

M.A. students:

Vladimir Avrutis
Marina Bekker
Haggai Cohen Klonymus
Doron Dag
Anna Eirikh
Michael Freikman
David Gellman
Shlomo Greenberg
Peter Hagyo-Kovacs
Hoo-Goo Kang
Federico Kobrin
Igor Kreimerman
Zinovi Matskevich
Alla Rabinovich
Noam Silverberg
Katharina Streit
Shifra Weiss
Itamar Weissbein
Alexander Wiegemann
Peter Zilberg
Ilan Rom

PhD Students:

James Seth Adcock

Dr. Shlomit Bechar
Dr. Judith ben-Michael
Sang-Yeup Chang
Dr. Gwanghyun D. Choi 
Anna Eirikh
Dr. Michael Freikman
Dr. Mitka Golub
Dr. Hoo-Goo Kang
Dr. Igor Kreimerman
Alla Rabinovich
Dr. Katharina Streit
Dr. Efraim Wallach
Itamar Weissbein
Amir Ganor
Publications: for full list of publications press here
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Prof. Amnon Ben-Tor

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Amnon Ben-Tor, is professor (emeritus) at the Institute of Archaeology, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He has worked at Hazor as an area supervisor under Yigael Yadin in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Since 1990 he has been the director of the “Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin.”
Amnon is the editor of Hazor III-IV (text), and a co-editor of Hazor V, Hazor VI, and Hazor VII. He is also the author of the recently published popular book “Hazor Canaanite Metropolis, Israelite City”.


  • Horvat Usa (1963)
  • Tel Yarmuth (1970)
  • Azor (1971)
  • Athienou, Cyprus (1971-1972; with T. Dothan)
  • Tel Qiri (1975-1976)
  • Yoqne‘am (1977-1979; 1981; 1987-1988)
  • Tel Qashish (1978-1979; 1981-1985; 1987)
  • The Selz Foundation Hazor Excavations in Memory of Yigael Yadin (1990-present)
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Shlomo Greenberg

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Thesis topic (M.A.): The Iron I stratum of Khirbet el-Rai

Advisor: Prof. Yosef Garfinkel


  • Hazor excavations (since 2017)
  • Khirbet el-Rai excavations (since 2019)
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Prof. Amihai Mazar

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Main research interests: The archaeology of Israel and its neighbors in the Bronze and Iron Ages, The relationship between archaeology and biblical history, Ancient Near Eastern art and architecture, Historical geography of the biblical period.

Main ongoing projects:

The Beth Shean Valley Archaeological Project. This regional project includes the publication of the Tel Beth Sheen excavations (1989-1996), ongoing excavations at Tel Rehov, and publication of Tel Rehov excavations.

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toam meir weil

Toam Meir-Weil
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Advisor: Prof. Arlette David

M.A. thesis topic: Egyptian Governors Residencies in the Late Bronze.

Thesis summery: Egyptian Governors Residencies is an architectural type found in the southern Levant during the LBIIb period. The type was first introduced by petrie in 1930, and since than it has become the main architectural type to be recognized with the Egyptian occupation of the southern Levant in the Late Bronze period (parallel to the New Kingdom in Egypt). Our understanding of the Egyptian presence in the southern Levant during the New Kingdom is still very basic, and there are many unresolved questions revolving the matter. My research aims to dismantle and reassemble this architectural type, using parallels from Nubia and Egypt. In doing so, I hope to reach a better understanding of some of the questions concerning the Egyptian occupation of our region.

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Prof. Tallay Ornan

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Research Interests: Ancient Near Eastern art, Iconography of Israel/Palestine during the Middle-Late Bronze and Iron (Biblical) periods, Ancient Near East glyptic art: iconography and workmanship of cylinder and stamp seals, Second-millennium metal statuary from the Levant, Religious and political constructs as reflected in the visual art of the ancient Near East.

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Nava Panitz-Cohen

Dr. Nava Panitz-Cohen

Qedem editor

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Research Interests: Ceramic technology, Social aspects of Late Bronze Age and Iron Age, Household archaeology, Gender archaeology, Publication of archaeological texts.

Ongoing projects

  • Co-director of the Tel Abel-Beth Maacah excavations, (Tel Abel-Beth Maacah excavations on Facebook) with Dr. Naama Yahalom-Mack and Dr. Bob Mullins
  • Publication of the Tel Rehov excavations, under the direction of Prof. Amihai Mazar
  • Typological and technological study of the Iron Age II Black juglets, with Dr. Anat Cohen-Weinberger
  • Editor, Qedem Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
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alla rabinovich

Alla Rabinovich
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PhD. Research: Transition from Late Bronze Age to Iron Age in the Southern Levant: A Metallurgical Perspective
Supervisors: Dr. Naama Yahalom-Mack, Prof. Yosef Garfinkel
My research focuses on the transition from Bronze Age to Iron Age as reflected in the metal industries of the Southern Levant. It is based on the metal assemblages from a number of sites, including the first complete publication of the finds from Tel Miqne-Ekron. Through typological analysis, analysis of the chemical composition and ware etc. I will study the development of the bronze and iron working and the way the transition from bronze to iron influenced or was influenced by the socio-political changes in the beginning of the Iron Age.
Abel Beth Maacah (since 2017)
Tel Asawir (University of Haifa) (since 2017)
Giv'at Ze'ev (2015-2016)
Tel Lachish (2014-2015)
Ein el-Jarba (2013-2016)
Khirbet Qeiyafa (2013)
Preparing the final report of the metal assemblages from Khirbet Qeiyafa, Khirbet A-Rai, Tel Shiloh, Tel Rehov (with N. Yahalom-Mack), Tel Miqne-Ekron, Tel Azekah.
2019 (accepted for publication) Rabinovich A., Yahalom-Mack N., Garfinkel Y., Ganor S., Hasel M. G. The Metal Assemblage from Early Iron Age IIA Khirbet Qeiyafa and Its Implications for the Inception of Iron Production and Use. In: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.
2018 Farhi Y., Rabinovich A. The Late Persian – Early Hellenistic Finger Rings and Seals. Pp. 321-331 in: Y. Garfinkel, S. Ganor, and M. G. Hasel, ed. by M. G. Klingbeil. Khirbet Qeiyafa Vol. 4. Excavation Report 2009–2013: Art, Cult and Epigraphy. Jerusalem.
2018 Rabinovich A. An Iron Dagger from the “Far House” in the Ophel. P. 369 in: E. Mazar and T. Lang. The Fortified Enclosure at the Ophel - The “Far House” (2 Sam 15:17): Architecture and Stratigraphy. Pp. 325–393 in: E. Mazar, The Ophel Excavations to the South of the Temple Mount 2009–2013. Final Reports Volume II. Jerusalem.
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Ilan Sharon

Prof. Ilan Sharon

Head of the Section of Archaeology of the Biblical Period

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Research Interests: Archaeological method and theory, Computers, mathematics, statistics in archaeology, The Iron Age in the Levant.

Ongoing Projects:

  • Excavation: Tel Dor Expedition (Director); with Haifa University, Weizmann Institute, University of California, Berkeley; University of Washington, Seattle; Pennsylvania State University.

  • The Hellenization of the Levant (with A. Stewart and B. Martin, University of California, Berkeley; S. Stroup, University of Washington, Seattle). Funding: The Getty Foundation.

  • Mathematical characterization of artifact profiles (with A. Gilboa, Haifa University; U. Smilanski, Weizmann Institute; and I. Saragusti, A. Karasik, T. Goldman – postdoctoral scholars and students). Funding: Bikura.
  • Absolute dating of the early Iron Age in Israel (with A. Gilboa, Haifa University; E. Boaretto, Weizmann Institute). Funding: ISF.

Advanced Students and their Research:

  1. Leore Grossman (with Anna Belfer-Cohen). Mathematical modeling of the beginning of agriculture in the Levant.
  2. David Ben Shlomo (with Aren Maeir, Bar Ilan University). Pottery production centers in Philistia in the Iron Age – a provenience study.
  3. Avshalom Karasik (with Uzy Smilansky, Weizmann Institute and Ayelet Gilboa, Haifa University). Computerized typology of ceramics.
  4. Svetlana Matskevich (with Catriel Beeri – School of Library Science and Informatics). Archaeological documentation and meta-models – electronic publication of archaeological excavation reports.
  5. S. Rebecca Martin (at University of California, Berkeley – with Andrew Stewart). Dor as a case study for the Hellenization of the Levant.
  6. Talia Goldman (with Uzy Smilansky, Weizmann Institute and Ayelet Gilboa – Haifa University). Stylistic change in pottery forms – cognitive factors and motor habit patterns.
  7. Yiftah Shalev (with Ehud Netzer). Town planning at Dor in the Persian–Roman periods.
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itamar weissbein

Itamar Weissbein

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Phd thesis topic: Cultural Changes from a Canaanite City State to an Administrative District in a territorial Kingdom: Lachish Region as a Case Study.

Advisor: Prof. Yosef Garfinkel

Summary: The research examines the processes of collapse, Formation, and continuity of ethnic identities and political systems in a distinct geographical area, over a long period, at both ends of which stand different political and ethnic systems.

As a test case, the study focuses on the Lachish region, from the last part of the Late Bronze Age, throughout the Iron Age I until the establishment of the Kingdom of Judah in the foothills (Shephelah) during the Iron Age IIA. The Lachish region experienced significant changes during the period in question, as it stood between various political systems and ethnic groups: Canaanites, Egyptians, Philistines and Judeans.

The research is based on new data from three excavations conducted in recent years: at Tel Lachish, Gal’on Fortress and Khirbet al-Raʿi. The study includes a comprehensive examination of the stratigraphy, architecture, and ceramic assemblages of main excavation areas in Lachish and Khirbet al-Raʿi and a full study of the Gal’on Fortress. These data will allow a detailed analysis of the processes that took place in the region, as well as an examination of various research conceptions regarding: the nature of the Egyptian control and its withdrawal from Canaan, the beginning of Philistine settlement and the establishment of Philistine rule in the region, the question of the existence of a Canaanite enclaves in the foothills; As well as addressing theoretical issues such as the identification of political and ethnic boundaries in the archaeological record.



  • Excavations at Tel Lachish
  • Excavations at Hurbat el-Arai
  • Publication of the excavation at Gal’on Fortress



Weissbein, I., Garfinkel, Y., Hasel, M.G. and Klingbeil, M.G. 2016. Goddesses from Canaanite Lachish. Strata 34: 41–55.

Weissbein, I. 2017. Revisiting the Isolated Canaanite Temple of Tel Mevorakh. Journal of Landscape Ecology 10/3: 58–80.

Weissbein, I., Garfinkel, Y., Hasel, M. G., Klingbeil, M. G., Brandl. B. and Misgav, H. 2019. The Level VI North-East Temple at Tel Lachish. Levant 51/1:  76-104.

Taxel, I., Paran, N. S. and Weissbein. I. 2020. Tel Poran: Preliminary Report. Hadashot Arkheologiyot 132.  

Weissbein. I. 2020. Tel Gamma, Clay Figurine. Hadashot Arkheologiyot 132.

Ganor, S. and Weissbein, I. 2020. Rujum el-Masha‘ala (Gal’on Fortress). Hadashot Arkheologiyot 132.

Garfinkel, Y., Hasel, M. G., Klingbeil, M. G., Kreimerman, I., Pytlik, M., Carroll, J. C., Waybright, J. W. B., Kang, H. G, Choi, G., Chang, S. Y., Hong, S., David, A., Weissbein, I. and Silverberg, N. 2021. The Canaanite and Judean Cities of Lachish, Israel: Preliminary Report of the Fourth Expedition, 2013–2017. American Journal of Archaeology 125/3: 419-459.

Weissbein, I. 2021. Canaanite Worship at Lachish—New Details Emerge. Biblical Archaeology Review 47/3: 48-54.

Ganor, S. and Weissbein, I. 2022. The Isolated Structure of Gal’on Fortress, and the “Egyptian Governors’ Residencies” and “fortresses” in Southwestern Canaan. In: Golani, A., Varga, D., Tchekhanovets, Y. and Birkenfeld, M (eds.). Archaeological Excavations and Research Studies in Southern Israel: 18th Annual Southern Conference, Pp.1*–21*. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. 





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Naama Yahalom-Mack

Prof. Naama Yahalom-Mack

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Lecturer at the Institute of Archaeology, in the Biblical archaeology department. Specialized in archaeometallurgy (the study of ancient metals) in the Bronze and Iron Ages.

Ph.D. dissertation topic: Bronze in the Beginning of the Iron Age in the Land of Israel: Production and Utilization in a Diverse Ethno-Political Setting. Advisors:  Prof. Ami Mazar (Hebrew University), Dr. Sariel Shalev (Haifa University and Weizmann Institute for Science.


  • 2002–present. Guest student of the Kimmel Center for Archaeological Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot.
  • 1998–present. Member of the Beth Shean Valley Archaeological Project, including excavations at Tel Rehov (directed by Prof. A. Mazar).
  • 2001–present. Preparation and publication of small finds from Tel Batash, Tel Beth Shean and Tel Rehov excavations.

Head of The Laboratory for Archaeological Materials and Ancient Technologies at the Institute of Archaeology


Alla Rabinovich (m.a.)

Tzilla Eshel (m.a. and PhD)


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