## Filter our Publications

The Institute publishes the Qedem Series (edited by Sue Grodetsky until 2013 and by Nava Panitz-Cohen from 2014).

These monographs are the main venue of publication for reports on the Institute’s excavations and their finds.

The volumes are is published in English and appears in two formats: Qedem and Qedem Reports.

Studies conducted by the Institute’s members and advanced students are published in books and peer-reviewed international journals.

Israel Exploration Society

P.O.B. 7041

Jerusalem 9107001, Israel

Tel.: 972-2-6257991

Fax: 972-2-6247772

# Qedem

2012
ALON DE GROOT and HANNAH BERNICK-GREENBERG. 2012. “QEDEM 54.” Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Volume VIIB: Area E: The Finds.Abstract

This is the companion volume to Qedem 53, devoted to the finds of the excavations in Area E. Chapters are devoted to detailed study of the pottery assemblages of the Hellenistic period, Persian period, Iron Age IIA and IIB, Middle Bronze Age, and Early Bronze Age and earlier periods. Each of these chapters is accompanied by photographs of the pottery, typological figures and figures showing the assemblages of key loci. Other chapters are devoted to reports on the human remains from the Hellenistic cemetery; scarabs, scaraboids, other stamp seals and seal impressions; and a stone cosmetic palette. Further chapters report in summary fashion on Late Bronze Age pottery, miscellaneous pottery finds, small finds and varia, and metal artifacts.

2011
EILAT MAZAR. 2011. “QEDEM 52.” The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968-1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar, Final Reports Volume IV: The Tenth Legion in Aelia Capitolina.Abstract

Building remains and many finds dating from the second and third centuries CE were revealed during the excavations at the foot of the Temple Mount enclosure. These finds furnish good reason to suppose that on the foundation of Aelia Capitolina in the second century CE, the camp of the Tenth Legion was moved from its original location on the Western Hill to the Temple Mount enclosure and the area at the foot of its southwestern corner. This volume presents buildings revealed in the excavations that were apparently major structures of the Tenth Legion's camp, such as a large military-style bathhouse and a bakery. Other finds attesting to the presence of the legion include a bread stamp, inscriptions, gemstones, marble statuary, metal finds, and above all more than 240 stamp impressions of the Tenth Legion, some found in situ on broken bricks of the ovens in the bakery or on complete bricks in the floor of the bathhouse. The volume also presents the rich pottery assemblages found in the various buildings.

2010
T. DOTHAN and B. BRANDL. 2010. “QEDEM 49.” Deir el-Balah: Excavations in 1977-1982 in the Cemetery and Settlement. Vol. 1: Stratigraphy and Architecture.Abstract

This volume and the companion volume Qedem 50 comprise the final report of the excavations carried out at Deir el-Balah in the Gaza Strip. The excavations in the cemetery continued those carried out in 1972-3, which uncovered three anthropoid coffins and rich burial offerings; the later excavations uncovered a further anthropoid coffin and numerous simple burials. The excavations in the settlement uncovered remains of a large Egyptian-type administrative residence of the Amarna period, an Egyptian-type military fortress of the period of Seti I constructed on the remains of the residence, and a large industrial complex of the 13th century BCE, followed by later strata lacking architectural remains. Vol. I contains a description of the excavation of the cemetery and its finds, a stratigraphic presentation of the remains of the settlement site, a discussion of the Egyptian character of the architecture at the site, and chapters on the kilns area in the settlement and the geological background of the site.

T. DOTHAN and B. BRANDL. 2010. “QEDEM 50.” Deir el-Balah: Excavations in 1977-1982 in the Cemetery and Settlement. Vol. II: The Finds.Abstract

Vol. II of the final report on the excavations in the cemetery and settlement of Deir el-Balah discusses the finds from the excavations. First comes a typological presentation of the ceramic finds, in which the Late Bronze Age pottery is discussed by category and the ceramic finds of the later periods are presented by stratum. Next various chapters present the other finds. Finally, the site is placed in its context in a historical discussion.

OREN GUTFELD. 2010. “QEDEM 51.” Ramla: Excavations North of the White Mosque.Abstract

The present volume presents the results of probe and salvage excavations carried out in several areas north of the White Mosque in Ramla. The archaeological remains discovered reflect a clear stratigraphic/chronological continuity from the first half of the eighth until the eleventh century. The rich finds from the excavation contribute much to the understanding of Ramla's historical and urban development. Chapters are devoted to the extensive assemblages of pottery, glass, coins, metal artifacts, metallurgical remains, stone vessels, clay figurines, and bone artifacts. To date, this is the largest and most comprehensive of the archaeological reports published on excavations in Ramla, and it is sure to serve as a tool for a wide range of future scholarly research.

2008
Y. HIRSCHFELD and O. GUTFELD. 2008. “QEDEM 48.” Excavations in the House of Bronzes, Final Report, Volume I: Architecture, Stratigraphy and Small Finds.Abstract

This volume is the first of the two-volume final report of the salvage excavations carried out in Tiberias in 1998. The main architectural remains are those of a well-built quarter of the Fatimid period displaying evidence of urban planning. One of the structures was named "The House of the Bronzes" after the hoard of hundreds of bronze vessels, as well as parts of vessels and scrap, found in three large pottery vessels, two sunk under the floor and the third placed behind a wall. This was most likely a workshop engaged in the repair and production of metal vessels. The pithoi also contained 85 coins, most of them Byzantine coins dated 976~1078 CE. Consequently, the hoard appears to have been deposited at the end of the eleventh century. It is the largest and richest assemblage of Fatimid-period vessels ever excavated. The current volume deals with the architecture and stratigraphy of the site, as well as presenting reports on the finds other than the metal vessels of the hoard: coins, pottery, glass, bone and stone items, archaeozoological remains and shells. It also includes scientific analyses of the metal vessels and the coins. A second volume (by E. Khamis) to be published shortly will present the vessels of the metalwork hoard.

2007
Y. GARFINKEL and D. DAG. 2007. “QEDEM 47.” Neolithic Ashkelon.Abstract

As a result of development work in the Israeli coastal town of Ashkelon, salvage excavations were conducted in 1997 and 1998 in an area in which Neolithic remains had been uncovered in the 1950s by Jean Perrot. The new excavations achieved a horizontal exposure of some 800 square meters and revealed, apart from meager material of the Epi-Paleolithic, Late Chalcolithic, and Roman/Byzantine periods, an extensive occupation dating from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic C. This occupation was characterized by a single wall and numerous pits, hearths, and animal bones. The excavated area yielded a large sample of flint items, enabling a comprehensive analysis of the industry. The numerous mammal bones shed light on the rise of pastoral societies in the southern Levant. The assemblage of fish bones points to the beginning of intensive exploitation of marine resources. Human remains attest to mortuary practices. Exotic and other imported items reflect long-distance exchange networks. Altogether, the excavation of Ashkelon has brought to light a vivid picture of a PPNC community that lived on the Mediterranean coast some nine thousand years ago.

2003
EILAT MAZAR. 2003. “QEDEM 43.” The Temple Mount Excavations in Jerusalem 1968–1978 Directed by Benjamin Mazar Final Reports Vol. II: The Byzantine and Early Islamic Periods.Abstract

This volume is the second of the final reports on the excavations carried out under the direction of Benjamin Mazar in 1968–1978 (the first volume was published as Qedem 29). The excavations at the foot of the southern wall and the southeast corner of the enclosure of the Temple Mount were conducted on a huge scale and eventually extended over an area of about eight acres. Part One of the present volume presents the architecture and finds of three Byzantine structures in Areas XV and XVII. Part Two presents the “House of the Menorot”, a Byzantine and Early Islamic building in Area VI. Part Three presents three probably residential structures of the Byzantine period in Areas III and XII. The architectural description of these structure is accompanied by presentation of their rich assemblages of finds. Separate chapters are devoted to special groups of finds from the excavations: pottery vessels, pottery and glass lamps, coins and flan molds, an ossuary, inscriptions, stamped roof tiles and bricks, ecclesiastical furniture, arms and pottery figurines.

2001
AMIHAI MAZAR and NAVA PANITZ-COHEN. 2001. “QEDEM 42.” Timnah (Tel Batash) II: The Finds from the First Millennium BCE.Abstract

This second two-volume set of the final report on the excavations at Timnah (Tel Batash) in the northern Shephelah of Judah presents the pottery and other finds from the first millennium BCE, i.e. the Iron Age II and the Persian period (Strata IV–I), with a few stray finds of the Hellenistic period. The major part of the text volume is devoted to detailed typological and comparative discussion of the pottery, accompanied by examination of aspects such as surface treatment, provenience, and distribution by stratum and in particular architectural units. In the remainder of the volume different classes of finds are presented: these include inscriptions and seal impressions, figurative clay objects, metal objects, stone objects, and various other classes of small finds. The concluding chapter presents additional conclusions that stem from the material presented in the volume, exploring issues relating to chronology, geopolitics and the Iron Age society and economy. The plates volume contains 106 plates of drawings of pottery and other objects, arranged according to homogeneous architectural units or groups of loci of similar stratigraphic nature in each of the excavation areas.

2000
2000. “QEDEM 40.” Excavations in the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. V: Extramural Areas.Abstract

This volume comprises a report on excavation areas located outside the Canaanite-Israelite city wall of the City of David. First are stratigraphic reports of Areas B and D1, two of the four excavation areas located east of the city wall on the eastern slope of the City of David hill. They are followed by a report on pottery finds from the two areas and a discussion that focuses on the most significant aspect of the finds in all four areas, namely the existence of extramural quarters in part of the Israelite period (especially Stratum 12). This volume concentrates on finds from the major strata from the City of David, from the Iron Age. The material presented here will contribute to a clearer understanding of biblical Jerusalem, for which, despite the large number of excavations there, well-documented archaeological data are still rare.

2000. “QEDEM 41.” Excavations in the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. VI: Inscriptions.Abstract

This volume presents the inscribed finds and related material from all areas and strata of the City of David excavations. Chapters are devoted to Hebrew and Aramaic inscriptions, inscribed pottery, Hebrew bullae, bullae with figurative decoration, Lmlk seal impressions and concentric circles, a Hebrew seal and seal impressions, rosette-stamped handles, incised handles, and locally stamped handles and associated body fragments of the Persian and Hellenistic periods. Appendices are devoted to an Arabic ostracon and potsherds with incised South Arabian letters. A concordance to Volumes V–VI of the City of David reports (Qedem 40 and 41) concludes the volume.

1999
YIZHAR HIRSCHFELD. 1999. “QEDEM 38.” The Early Byzantine Monastery at Khirbet ed-Deir in the Judean Desert: The Excavations in 1981-1987.Abstract

Khirbet ed-Deir is one of the most isolated and remote monastic sites of the Judean Desert. The well-preserved remains of the monastery, founded in the late fifth or early sixth century CE, are concealed in a rocky gorge some 30 km south of Jerusalem. The preserved architectural remains, described in detail in the first chapter, include a stable, a gatehouse and hospice, a baptistery, a large cave church, a burial recess and chapel, a kitchen and refectory, living quarters, an elaborate water supply system and agricultural terraces. Subsequent chapters present all of the finds made at the site: the four Greek inscriptions, rich mosaic pavements, marble furnishings and fittings, fresco fragments, pottery vessels, glass and coins. The concluding chapter comprises a general discussion, placing the results of the excavations in the context of literary sources on monasticism in the Judean Desert and the remains of other monasteries in the region.

YOSEF GARFINKEL. 1999. “QEDEM 39.” Neolithic and Chalcolithic Pottery of the Southern Levant.Abstract

This volume establishes a coherent typological framework for the description and analysis of pottery products manufactured in the southern Levant from the sixth to the first half of the fourth millennia BCE, enabling the subdivision of the period into cultural phases and their classification into the Pottery Neolithic and Early, Middle and Late Chalcolithic periods. In the typological analysis the study concentrates on key sites and assemblages from clear archaeological contexts, presenting quantitative analyses wherever possible, though examples from a wide variety of sites are illustrated. Particular emphasis is placed on the regional character of the assemblages. Both relative and absolute chronologies are established, the latter based on the available radiometric datings. The volume is copiously illustrated with line drawings and photographs, presenting for the first time a complete picture of the pottery of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods.

1997
AVRAHAM NEGEV. 1997. “QEDEM 36.” The Architecture of Oboda: Final Report.Abstract

The Nabatean site of Oboda (Avdat), excavated in 1958-1961, 1975-1977, and 1989, is renowned for its imposing architectural remains. The final report presents the architectural remains of the Nabatean sacred compound, of which the retaining walls, the temple court, the staircase tower, and the magnificent portal have survived, as well as the remains of a small temple identified with the deified King Obodas and discovered in 1989. Remains of the Late Roman period include a well-preserved tower, a patrician villa, and a burial cave. In the Late Roman-Byzantine period a citadel with walls and towers was built. Byzantine remains include the two churches constructed within the Nabatean sacred compound, a cave dwelling, a burial cave, and a bath house. Special reports describe the Late Roman and Byzantine architectural decoration, architectural elements in secondary use, coins, and small finds, including the splendid hoard of bronzes.

A. MAZAR. 1997. “QEDEM 37.” Timnah (Tel Batash) I: Stratigraphy and Architecture.Abstract

The site of Tel Batash is identified with Biblical Timnah, well known as the setting of the Samson stories. The final report of its stratigraphy and architecture provides a comprehensive picture of the history of the town. Its distinctive square shape and concave surface were determined by the ramparts of the Middle Bronze Age. The unwalled Late Bronze Age town contained several patrician houses. Philistine Timnah was a substantial and densely built-up site and the excavations provided evidence of the existence of a city wall. In the 10th century BCE the town was unwalled and sparsely settled, but the earliest phase of the city gate probably dates from this period. Timnah of the 8th-7th centuries BCE was defended by a stone wall and a city gate. The densely built-up town included large public buildings, private dwellings, and evidence of an olive oil industry. This two-part set consists of a text volume, lavishly illustrated by photographs and schematic plans, and a volume containing 107 detailed plans and sections.

1996
1996. “QEDEM 35.” Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. IV: Various Reports.Abstract

This is the third of the final reports of the excavations at the City of David directed by the late Prof. Yigal Shiloh. The volume opens with a report on the City of David and its ancient subterranean waterworks, presenting the innovative hypothesis that the waterworks were constructed by following natural passages. It is followed by comprehensive reports on special groups of artifacts from all over the City of David, primarily from the earlier periods: ceramic figurines, loomweights and whorls, the groundstone industry, the weights from the Bronze Age to the Persian period, flint implements, gemstones, beads and pendants, and "Horus Eye" amulets. Reports on the bird and faunal remains from Areas A, D, H and K complete the volume. The presentation of these finds in one volume provides a wide-ranging view of the material culture of the City of David in the Biblical period.

1993
O. BAR-YOSEF and N. GOREN-INBAR. 1993. “QEDEM 34.” The Lithic Assemblages of Ubeidiya: A Lower Paleolithic Site in the Jordan Valley.Abstract

This volume presents the results of the excavations carried out between 1960 and 1974 at Ubeidiya. The site, located in the Dead Sea Rift, is composed of more than sixty archaeological horizons of Lower Pleistocene age (1.4 million years). The site reveals a complex geological structure in which tectonic movements have drastically tilted the deposits. The cultural remains are assigned to the Acheulian tradition, the earliest known manifestation of this industry outside Africa. Each archaeological horizon is described, and its lithic assemblages are presented in detail. Their typological, technical and stylistic characteristics are studies by means of attribute analysis. The analysis of the stone artifacts has important implications for the reconstruction of hominid behavior. The issue of the distinctive "living floors" is discussed and various interpretations of their formation, whether due to human or natural agencies, are offered. The unique importance of `Ubeidiya lies in the fact that it is the best-documented site in Eurasia that illustrates the spread of humankind from Africa into the rest of the world.

1992
1992. “QEDEM 33.” Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. III: Stratigraphical, Environmental, and Other Reports.Abstract

This is the second of the final reports of the excavations at the City of David directed by the late Prof. Yigal Shiloh. The volume contains three parts. The first part consists of detailed stratigraphic reports on the excavations in four areas located in the southern part of the City of David and relating to the later periods: A1, A2, H and K. The second part comprises reports on macrobotanical remains, molluscs and fish remains found in all areas and periods of the City of David. The third part consists of reports on special groups of finds of later periods: Late Roman and Byzantine pottery from Areas H and K; Byzantine and medieval pottery from Areas A1 and G; chalk vessels of the Persian/Hellenistic and Early Roman periods from all parts of the City of David; and two jewelry molds from Areas H and K.

1991
A. NEGEV. 1991. “QEDEM 32.” Personal Names in the Nabatean Realm.Abstract

The volume gives a comprehensive alphabetical index of personal names published since 1932 (or unpublished) appearing in Nabatean-Aramaic inscriptions in each of the four regions of the Nabatean realm. The occurrence of the name in related ancient Arabian languages is noted, with the Arabic form of the name, comments on its meaning, and comparison to equivalents found in Greek inscriptions. Analytical tables then present the names by region and by frequency in each region, and by names relating to different subjects (theophoric names, geographical and ethnic names, Greek and Roman names, occupational names, and names reflecting celestial bodies, animals, birds and reptiles, plants, spiritual qualities, and physical qualities. Special tables deal with the names of Egra and the Hauran, the relationship between Nabatean-Aramaic names and Safaitic names, Nabatean/Arabian names, and Nabatean/Arabian names in Greek form. The analytical tables are followed by a detailed commentary and by an epilogue presenting the historical conclusions arising from the Nabatean personal names.

1990
DONALD T. ARIEL. 1990. “QEDEM 30.” xcavations at the City of David 1978-1985 Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Vol. II: Imported Stamped Amphora Handles, Coins, Worked Bone and Ivory, and Glass.Abstract

This is the first of the final reports of the excavations at the City of David directed by the late Prof. Yigal Shiloh, following the interim report published as Qedem 19. It presents the assemblages of selected groups of finds from all areas and periods of the site, fully illustrated with photographs and drawings. The volume opens with an In Memoriam to Yigal Shiloh, a bibliography of his publications and a stratigraphic summary of Strata 1-6 by Prof. Shiloh. The large assemblage of imported stamped amphora handles from the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods is published, with discussion of topics such as the contents and typology of the amphoras, the possible reasons for the decline in imports after the mid-2nd century BCE, and their origin according to neutron activation analysis. Chapters on coins of the Hellenistic through medieval periods, and worked bone and ivory artifacts from the Early Bronze Age through Byzantine periods (most from the Iron Age), follow. The publication of the glass fragments, most dating from the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods, is of particular interest in view of the evidence for early glass-blowing in Jerusalem.