Francesco Valletta

Francesco Valletta

Ph.D. dissertation topic: Manufacturing tradition in Levantine Epipalaeolithic. A quantitative approach to variability among lithic assemblages in the Northern Jordan Valley. Advisors: Dr. Leore Grosman.

Abstract:

The chrono-cultural framework of Southern Levant Epipalaeolithic (ca. 22.000 - 11.500 BP) was defined mainly by typological changes in the lithic assemblages. The aim of my research is to test the degree of continuity of the manufacturing tradition during Early (22,000 – 18,000 BP) and Middle Epipalaeolithic (18,000 – 15,000 BP), within and between limited geographic areas (namely the surrounding of Kibbutz Ein Gev and the Western Negev). This will provide insight on the movement of people and ideas in this period, so important to understand the insurgence of complex society and production economy.

The variability of measurable features related with lithic technology, as the mean angle between surfaces and the quantitative description of the scars on the surface of the artifacts, will provide a univocal, quantitative representation of the manufacturing tradition particular to a lithic assemblage: a micro-technological fingerprint. Based on the comparison of these values between lithic assemblages chronologically and geographically separated, it will be possible to define continuity between the stylistic fingerprint of different sites. Chronological continuity may be connected to long-lasting local technological traditions, geographical continuity with the spread of new technological styles on a wide region. Including in the study sites from different areas and chronological stages allows to control the possible geographical and chronological continuity.

Research interests

  • Lithic technology
  • Continuity and transformation in prehistoric cultures
  • Levantine Epipalaeolithic
  • Western Europe Mesolithic
  • 3D analysis of archaeological artifacts

Current projects

  • Nahal Ein-Gev II Excavation Project since 2014
  • Ein Gev IV Excavation Project since 2014
  • Jordan River Dureijat Excavation Project since 2014
  • The Computational Archaeological Laboratory - Research staff since 2014

Publications:

Fontana, F., Thun Hohenstein, U., Bertola, S., Guerreschi, A., Petrucci, G., Ziggiotti, S., Rinaldi, G., Turrini, M.C., Valletta, F., 2012. The Early Mesolithic Occupation of Mondeval De Sora (Belluno, Dolomites): a residual site or a hunting camp? J. Biol. Res. - Boll. della Soc. Ital. di Biol. Sper. 85, 80–84. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/jbr.2012.4070

Valletta, F., Fontana, F., Bertola, S., Guerreschi, A., 2016. The Mesolithic lithic assemblage of site VF1-sector III of Mondeval de Sora (Belluno, Italy). Economy, technology and typology. Preist. Alp. 48, 73–81.