The Yarmukian Culture in Israel

VII. Burial Customs

This is a most obscure chapter of the Yarmukian culture, since to date only three graves from the period were reported:

a. Sha`ar Hagolan: A single skeleton was mentioned breifly by Stekelis(96). In the excavation archive at the Institute of Archaeology in the Hebrew University a field drawing of the burial clearly shows that the body was layed in a flex position with the skull intact.

b. Habashan Street: A singel burial in a flex position, including the skull was found inside a pit(97).

c. Munhata: One complete skelaton in a flex position was unearthed in pit 738(98). This pit contained Yarmukian pottery(99), and therefore the burial is dated to Layer 2b.

The same pattern was observed in all three sites:

a) Singel burial.

b) Primary burial.

c) Flex position.

d) The skull was found intact, and was not removed like in the Pre Pottery Neolithic period.

e) The burial took place inside the habitation site.

f) No grave goods were associated with the body.


96) Stekelis, 1972: 10.

97) Kaplan, 1959a: 23, Fig. 2 (lower).

98) Perrot, 1967: 15.

99) Garfinkel, 1992b.