Institute of Archaeology
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
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Archaeology of the Biblical Period
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Dr. Leore Grosman

Photographs and Figures:


Computer simulation of the emergence of agriculture
Computer simulation of the emergence of agriculture

General view of Hilazon Cave
General view of Hilazon Cave

Hilazon Cave – external view
Hilazon Cave – external view

General Plan
General Plan

Primary burial in structure B
Primary burial in structure B

Pendant
Pendant

Plan and features of Hilazon Tachtit Cave
Plan and features of Hilazon Tachtit Cave.
(A) Plan of the cave indicating the excavation area.
(B) The Natufian features at Hilazon Tachtit Cave including the burial pits (pit I, II, and III), Structure A, and Structure B.
The burial was located in structure A (Photograph by N. Hilger, Tel Aviv, Israel).

An artistic reconstruction of the Shaman grave
An artistic reconstruction of the Shaman grave, Hilazon Tachtit Cave. (Illustration by P. Groszman, Jerusalem, Israel, drawn to scale.)

The animal body-parts present in the Shaman grave
The animal body-parts present in the Shaman grave. The location of the body-part represented is indicated on the animal illustration with a red dot.
(A) Caudal vertebrae from an auroch’s tail (Bos primigenius);
(B) complete marten (Martes foina) skull; (C) carapace of a spur-thighed Mediterranean tortoise (Testudo graeca) and examples of the anterior plastron which was repeatedly broken in the same location;
(D) carpometacarpus and first phalanx of digit II from the wing tip of a golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos); and
(E) articulated forearm (radius and ulna) of a wild boar (Sus scrofa). (Photographs by G. Hartman, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Illustrations by P. Groszman.)

Giant block with cup marks
Giant block with cup marks

Two 3D images of a scanned handaxe
Two 3D images of a scanned handaxe. Shaded display (left) and point-cloud display (right).

Positioning of a handaxe according to the inertia tensor
Positioning of a handaxe according to the inertia tensor (including a midsection) based on the 3D images.