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Lena Brailovsky

Lena Brailovsky

E-mail: lena.brii@gmail.com

M.A. thesis topic: Sickle blades during the PPNB: typological (stylistic), chronological and technological aspects.

Advisor: Prof. Nigel Goring-Morris


Abstract:

Sickle blades, (together with arrowheads and bi-facial tools, are part of the formal toolkit associated with the agricultural revolution. The first appearance of sickle blades is dated to the Epi-Palaeolithic Natufian culture. This appearance marks the beginning of a fundamental change in human lifeways, and indicates the beginning of systematic harvesting, cultivation and eventually domestication of plants. The sickle blades of the Natufian and the PPNA techno-complexes are distinctive chronological markers of these periods. On the other hand, very few attempts have been made to systematically study PPNB sickle blades, which are usually made on bidirectional blades. Also, previous attempts to use sickle blades as chronological markers within this period were unsuccessful, unlike arrowheads and bifacial tools. In my research I will attempt to establish criteria to use sickle blades as chronological markers, separating between the early, middle, late and final PPNB, by examining technological, typological and stylistic aspects of sickle blades through the PPNB sequence at Kfar HaHoresh in relation to neighboring sites in the lower Galilee. In addition, the analysis of stylistic aspects may enable us to draw conclusions about the personal style of the different flint knappers and craft specialization in the Neolithic society, and technological progress within the period.

Current Projects:


Analysis of the chipped stone assemblage at Kfar HaHoresh

Field Work

  • 2007-2010. Excavations at Kfar HaHoresh - Nazareth hills, lower Galilee, directed by Prof. A. N. Goring-Morris (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem): Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Mortuary and Cult Site, as a participant (2007, 2008) and as on-site Lab assistant (2009, 2010).
  • 2008. Excavation at Kaizer Hill- modi'in, directed by Prof. Naama Goren-Inbar and Dr. Leore Grosman (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem): Pre-Pottery Neolithic A site, as a participant.
  • 2010. Excavations at Nahal Hava - Central Negev, directed by Prof. A. N. Goring-Morris (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem): Pre-Pottery Neolithic B Site, as a participant.
  • 2010. Excavations at Nahal Ein Gev II- Jordan Valley, Israel directed by Prof. Ofer Bar-Yosef (Harvard University), Dr. Leore Grosman, Prof. Anna Belfer-Cohen (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem): Natufian site, as an excavator.