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Prof. Erella Hovers

PUBLICATIONS (selected):


1. Books

Hovers, E. and S.L. Kuhn (editors), 2006. Transitions Before The Transition: Evolution and Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press.
This book has been reviewed by

  1. Iovita, Radu P. 2006. PaleoAnthropolgy 2006:86-88.
  2. Pasda, Clemens. 2006. European Journal of Archaeology 9:143
  3. Straus, Lawrence G. 2007. Journal of Anthropological Research 63:273-275.
  4. Chauhan, Parth. 2007. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 134: 538-539.
  5. Pettitt, Paul B. 2007. Journal of Human Evolution 53: 275-279.

Hovers, E. and D.R. Braun (editors) 2009. Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan. Springer.

Hovers, E. 2009. The Lithic Assemblages of Qafzeh Cave. Oxford University Press.

This book has been reviewed by

  1. Eren, Metin. 2010. Lithic Technology 35:81-82.
  2. Steenhuyse, Alexander. 2010. PaleoAnthropology 2010:206-207.

2. Peer-reviewed Articles (journals and edited books)

Hovers, E., L. K. Horwitz, D. E. Bar-Yosef and C. Cope-Miyashiro 1988. The site of Urkan e-Rub IIa: a case study of subsistence and nobility patterns in the Kebaran period in the lower Jordan Valley. Mitekufat Ha'even 21: 20*-47*.

Hovers, E. 1990. Art in the Levantine Epi-Palaeolithic: an engraved pebble from a Kebaran site in the Lower Jordan Valley. Current Anthropology 31: 317-322.

Hovers, E. and O. Marder 1991. Typo-chronology and absolute dating of the Kebaran complex: implications from the second season of excavation at Urkan e-Rub IIa. Mitekufat Ha'even - Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 24: 34-58.

Hovers, E. and A. Belfer-Cohen 1992. In the eye of the beholder: Middle Paleolithic and Natufian burials in the Levant. Current Anthropology 33: 463-471.

Rak, Y., W. H. Kimbel and E. Hovers 1994. A Neandertal infant from Amud Cave, Israel. Journal of Human Evolution 26: 313-324.

Hovers, E., Y. Rak, R. Lavi and W. H. Kimbel 1995. Hominid Remains from Amud Cave in the context of the Levantine Middle Paleolithic. Paléorient 21/2: 47-61.

Kimbel, W.H., R.C. Walter, D.C. Johanson, K.E. Reed, J.L. Aronson, Z. Assefa, C.W. Marean, G.G. Eck, R. Bobe-Quinteros, E. Hovers, Y. Rak, C. Vondra, T. Yemane, D. York, Y. Chen, N.M. Evenson, and P.E. Smith 1996. Late Pliocene Homo and Oldowan tools from the Hadar Formation (Kada Hadar member, Ethiopia). Journal of Human Evolution 31: 549-561.

Hovers, E., B. Vandermeersch and O. Bar-Yosef 1997. A Middle Palaeolithic engraved artifact from Qafzeh Cave, Israel. Rock Art Research 14(2): 79-87.

Hovers, E. 1998. Comment on "Neandertal and Early Modern Human Behavioral Variability: A Regional-Scale Approach to Lithic Evidence for Hunting in the Levantine Mousterian". Current Anthropology 39 (supplement): S65-S66.

Inbar, M. and E. Hovers 1999. The evolution of landscape in the lower Nahal Amud drainage during the Upper Pleistocene. Geographical Horizons 50: 27-38 (Hebrew).

Valladas, H., N. Mercier, E. Hovers, L. Frojet, J.-L. Joron, W. H. Kimbel and Y. Rak 1999. TL dates for the Neandertal site of Amud Cave, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science 26: 259-268.

Hovers, E., Y. Rak and W. Kimbel 2000. Ha'Ela Cave - a newly discovered prehistoric site in the western Galilee. Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 24: 89-103.

Hovers, E., W. H. Kimbel and Y. Rak 2000. The Amud 7 skeleton - still a burial: response to Gargett. Journal of Human Evolution 39 (2): 253-260.

Hovers, E., W. H. Kimbel and Y. Rak 2000. The Amud 7 skeleton - still a burial: response to Gargett. Journal of Human Evolution 39 (2): 253-260.

Hovers, E. and A. Raveh 2000. The use of a multivariate display technique in the analysis of inter-assemblage lithic variability: a case study from Qafzeh Cave, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science 27 (11): 1023-1038.

Hovers, E. 2001. Territorial behavior in the Middle Paleolithic of the Southern Levant. In: Settlement Dynamics of the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Ages, N. Conard (ed.), pp. 123-152. Tübingen: Kerns Verlag.

Rink, W. J., H. P. Schwarcz, H. K. Lee, J. Rees-Jones, R. Rabinovich and E. Hovers 2001. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometric (TIMS) 230Th/234U Dating of Teeth in Middle Palaeolithic Layers at Amud Cave, Israel. Geoarchaeology 16(6): 701-717.

Madella, M., M. J. Jones, P. Goldberg, Y. Goren, and E. Hovers (2002). The exploitation of plant resources by Neandertals in Amud Cave (Israel): the evidence from phytolith studies. Journal of Archaeological Science 29: 703-719.

Hovers, E., S. Ilani, O. Bar-Yosef, and B. Vandermeersch (2003). An early case of color symbolism: ochre use by early modern humans in Qafzeh Cave. Current Anthropology 44(4): 491-522.

Rabinovich R. and E. Hovers 2004. Faunal analysis at Amud Cave: Preliminary results and interpretations. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14:287-306.

Hovers, E. 2004. Comment on "Omo revisited- evaluating the technoogical skills of Pliocene hominids" by Ignacio de la Torre. Current Anthropology 45 (4): 458-459.

Alperson-Afil, N. and E. Hovers 2005. Differential use of space at the Neandertal site of Amud Cave, Israel. Eurasian Prehistory 3(1):3-22.

Belfer-Cohen, A. and E. Hovers. 2005. The Ground Stone Assemblages of the Natufian and Neolithic Societies in the Levant - A Brief Review. Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 35: 299-308.

Hovers, E. and A. Belfer-Cohen 2006. "Now you see it, now you don't" - modern behavior in the Middle Paleolithic. In: Transitions Before The Transition. Evolution and stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, E. Hovers and S. L. Kuhn (eds.), pp. 295-304. New York: Springer.

Shahack-Gross, R., A. Ayalon, P. Goldberg , Y. Goren Y., B. Ofek, R. Rabinovich and E. Hovers. 2008. Formation processes of cemented features in karstic cave sites revealed using stable oxygen and carbon isotopic analysis: a case study at Middle Paleolithic Amud Cave, Israel. Geoarchaeology 23:43-62.

Hovers, E., A. Malinsky-Buller, R. Ekshtain, M. Oron, and R. Yeshurun. 2008. 'Ein Qashish - a new open-air Middle Paleolithic site in northern Israel. Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 38: 7-40.

Braun, D. R., and E. Hovers. 2009. Introduction: current issues in Oldowan research. In: Interdiscplinary Approaches to the Oldowan, E. Hovers and D. R. Braun (eds.), pp. 1-13. Dordrecth, The Netherlands: Springer.

Goldman-Neuman, T. and E. Hovers. 2009. Methodological issues in the study of Olodwaon raw material selectivity: insights from A. L. 894 (Hadar, Ethiopia). In: Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan, E. Hovers E. and Braun D. (eds.), pp. 71-84. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

Belfer-Cohen, A. and E. Hovers. 2010. Modernity, enhanced working memory, and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic record in the Levant. Current Anthropology 51: S167-S175.

Belmaker, M. and E. Hovers. 2011. Ecological change and the extinction of the Levantine Neanderthals: Implications from a diachronic study of micromammals from Amud Cave, Israel. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3196-3209. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.08.001.

Malinsky-Buller, A., E. Hovers and O. Marder. 2011. Making time: "living floors", "palimpsests" and site formation processes - a perspective from the open-air Lower Paleolithic site of Revadim Quarry, Israel. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 30: 89-101. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2010.11.002.

Marder, O., A. Malinsky-Buller, R. Shahack-Gross, O. Ackermann, A. Ayalon, M. Bar-Matthews, Y. Goldsmith, M. Inbar, R. Rabinovich and E. Hovers. 2011. Archaeological horizons and fluvial processes at the Lower Paleolithic open-air site of Revadim (Israel). Journal of Human Evolution 60, 508-522. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.01.007

Goldman-Neuman, T. and E. Hovers. 2012. Raw material selectivity in Late Pliocene Oldowan sites in the Makaamitalu Basin, Hadar, Ethiopia. Journal of Human Evolution 62: 353-366. 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.006.

Hovers, E. 2012. Invention, re-invention, innovations: makings of the Oldowan. In: Origins of Human Creativity and Innovation (Developments in Quaternary Science 16), S. Elias (ed.), pp. 49-65. Elsevier.

Malinsky-Buller, A., R. Ekshtain, and E. Hovers. in press (2013). The organization of lithic technology at 'Ein Qashish, a late Middle Paleolithic open-air site in northern Israel. Quaternary International. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.05.004.

Assefa , Z., D. Pleurdeau, F. Duquesnoy, E. Hovers, O. Pearson, A Asrat, C. T/Tsion and Y.M. Lam. 2013 in press. Survey and explorations of caves in southeastern Ethiopia: Middle Stone Age and Later Stone Age archaeology and Holocene rock art. Quaternary International. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.07.132

Ekshtain, R., A. Malinsky-Buller, S. Ilani, I. Segal and E. Hovers. 2013 in press. Raw material exploitation around the Middle Paleolithic site of 'Ein Qashish. Quaternary International. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.07.025

Malinsky-Buller, A., R. Ekshtain and E. Hovers. 2013 in press. Organization of lithic technology at 'Ein Qashish, a late Middle Paleolithic open-air site in Israel. Quaternary International. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2013.05.004

3. Chapters in books (without peer-review)

Hovers, E. 1989. Settlement patterns in the Lower Jordan Valley in the Epi-Palaeolithic and Neolithic times. in: People and Culture in Change: The Second Symposium on Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Populations of Europe and the Mediterranean Basin., I. Hershkovitz (ed.), pp. 38-51. B.A.R. S- 508. Oxford.

Hovers, E. 1990. Exploitation of raw material at the Mousterian site of Quneitra. in: Quneitra -an Open-Air Mousterian Site on the Golan Heights., N. Goren-Inbar (ed.), pp. 49-67. Qedem 31. Jerusalem: Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University.

Hovers, E. 1996. The groundstone industry. in: Excavations at the City of David IV D. Ariel and A. de-Groot (eds.), pp. 171-203. Qedem 35. Jerusalem: Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University.

Hovers, E. 1997. The physical environment of Netiv Hagdud. in: An Early Neolithic Village in the Jordan Valley, Part I: The Archaeology of Netiv Hagdud, O. Bar-Yosef and A. Gopher (eds.), pp. 1-11. American School of Prehistoric Research Bulletin 43, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge.

Hovers, E. 1998. The lithic assemblages of Amud Cave: implications for understanding the end of the Mousterian in the Levant . In: Neanderthals and Modern Humans in Western Asia, T. Akazawa, K. Aoki and O. Bar-Yosef (eds.), pp. 143-163. New-York: Plenum Press.

Hovers, E. 2003. Treading carefully: Site formation processes and Pliocene lithic technology. In: Oldowan: Rather More than Smashing Stone. First Hominid Technology Workshop, J. Martinez, R., Mora and I. de la Torre (eds.), pp. 145-164. Treballs d'Arqueologia. Barcelona: Centre d'Estudis del Patrimoni Arqueològic de la Prehistòria. Universitat Autעnoma de Barcelona.

Hovers, E. 2004. Cultural ecology at the Neandertal site of Amud Cave, Israel. In: Arkheologiya i paleoekologiya Evrasii [Archaeology and Paleoecology of Eurasia], A. P. Derevianko and T. I. Nokhrina (EDS.), pp. 218-231. Novosibirsk: Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS Press.

Hovers, E. 2006. Modern humans and Neandertals in the Levant: What type of interaction? In Neandertals and Moderns Meet, N. Conard (ed.), pp. 65-86. Tübingen: Kerns Verlag.

Kuhn, S. and E. Hovers 2006. General Introduction. In: Transitions Before The Transition. Evolution and stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age, E. Hovers and S. L. Kuhn (eds.), pp. 1-11. New York: Springer.

Hovers, E. 2007. The many faces of cores-on-flakes: a perspective from the Levantine Mousterian. In: Cores or Tools? Alternative Approached to Stone Tool Analysis, S. McPherron (ed.), pp. 42-74. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Press.

Goring-Morris, A. N., E. Hovers and A. Belfer-Cohen 2009. The dynamics of Pleistocene and early Holocene settlement patterns and human adaptations in the Levant - an overview. In: Transitions in Prehistory. Papers in Honor of Ofer Bar-Yosef, J. J. Shea and D. E. Lieberman (eds.). pp. 185-252. Oxford: Oxbow Books for the American School of Prehistoric Research.

Hovers, E., 2009. Learning from mistakes: flaking accidents and knapping skills in the assemblage of A. L. 894 (Hadar, Ethiopia). In: The Cutting Edge: New Approaches to the Archaeology of Human Origins, K. Schick and N. Toth (eds.), pp. 137-150. Gosport: Stone Age Institute.

Hovers, E. 2009. The Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition: What news? In: Sourcebook of Paleolithic Transitions: Methods, Theories, and Interpretations, M. Camps and P. Chauhan (eds.). New York: Springer, pp. 455-462.

Hovers, E., A. Malinsky-Buller, M. Goder and R. Ekshtain. 2011. Capturing a moment: Identifying short-lived activity locations in Amud Cave, Israel. In: The Lower and Middle Paleolithic in the Near East and Adjacent Regions (ERAUL.), J.-M. Le Tensorer, R. Jagher, and M. Otte (eds.), pp. 101-114. Liège: University of Lige Press.

Hovers, E. and A. Belfer-Cohen. 2013. Insights into early mortuary practices of Homo. In: The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial, S. Tarlow and L. Nilsson-Stutz (Eds.),pp. 631-642. Oxford: Oxford University Press

4. In press

Hovers, E. and A. Belfer-Cohen. in press (2014). On variability and complexity: lessons from the Levantine Middle Paleolithic record. Current Anthropology.

5. Book Reviews

Hovers E. 1988. "The Acheulean of the Yiron Plateau, Israel". By M. Ohel. B.A.R. S-307, 1986. Mitekufat Ha'even - Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 21: 165*-171*.

Hovers E. 1990. "Techniques d'Echantillonnage et Analyse Spatiale: Le campement ֹpipalיolithique de Nadaouiyeh 2(El-Kowm, Syrie)". By M. C. Cauvin and E. Coqueugniot. B.A.R. S-522, 1989. Ha'even - Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 23: 164*-170*.

Hovers E. 1992. "The Emergence of Modern Humans - An Archaeological Perspective". Edited by P. Mellars. Cornell University Press, 1990. Journal of Human Evolution 22: 155-157.

Hovers E. 2005. "Neanderthals in the Levant. Behavioral Organization and the Beginnings of Human Modernity". Edited by Donald O. Henry. Continuum: New York, 2003. PaleoAnthropology 06/05:9-12.

Hovers E. 2006. "Current Research in Chinese Pleistocene Archaeology". Edited by Chen Shen and Susan G. Keates. Archaeopress: Oxford, 2003. Asian Perspectives 45: 283-286.

Hovers E. 2007. "Technological Strategies in the Lower Pleistocene at Olduvai Beds I and II" by I. de la Torre and R. Mora 2006. ERAUL 112. University of Liege: Liege. PaleoAnthropology 2007:53-57.

Hovers E. 2010. "Origins and Revolutions: Human Identity in Earliest Prehistory" by Clive Gamble 2007. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.) 16: 417-418.

Hovers E. 2011. Book review of "The Rise of Homo sapiens: The Evolution of Modern Thinking" By Frederick L. Coolidge and Thomas Wynn. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (N.S.) 17, 410-411.

Hovers E. 2011. Book review of "Flexible Stones: Ground Stone Tools from Fanchthi Cave" By Anna Stroulia. American Journal of Archaeology 115.