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Judit Gartner


Ph. D. 2008, The Hebrew University


My research focuses on the traditions, ideologies and developments that influenced the use of decorative sculpture and its architectural setting during the planning and erecting of Roman public buildings in the cities of the Eastern Roman Empire. One of the outstanding characteristics of the process of Romanization was the incomplete assimilation of the Roman architectural traditions and their adaptation to local traditions, as in the construction of theaters and the decoration of gateways and nymphaea. These public structures and the sculptures that were placed in and on them were instruments that served the ruling powers in expressing their ideologies and culture. The divergences in architecture and decoration of public buildings as well as their location and concentration within the urban framework brought about a marked change in the urban landscape in the Eastern Roman Empire as compared with that of the West. 


  • Area supervisor in the excavations of Sepphoris (directed by Prof. E. Netzer and Dr. Z. Weiss), 1995-1996 seasons
  • Typological analysis of the oil lamps discovered in Sepphoris (M.A. thesis)
  • Participant in the Iraq el-Amir project (directed by Prof. E. Netzer)
  • Analysis of bone artifacts from Masada
  • Co-author of a book on Nabatean architecture


Gärtner, J., “Architektonische Elemente und Skulptur der Nabatäer”, in: Netzer, E., Nabatäische Architektur, Insbesondere Gräber und Tempel, Mainz am Rhein, 2003, pp. 156-179.