Institute of Archaeology Institute of Archaeology
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
About the Institute Academic Programs Departments & Units People Excavations Events & Seminars Exhibits Publications Library
Prehistoric Archaeology
Archaeology of the Biblical Period
Classical Archaeology
  Islamic Archaeology
  Staff & Students
Civilizations of the Ancient Near East

Computerized Archaeology
Restoration & Conservation
Graphic Documentation
Ayala Zilberstein

Ayala Zilberstein


M.A. thesis topic: The lower city of Jerusalem during the Second Temple period in light of new excavations (1995-2010).

Advisors: Prof. Yoram Tzafrir and Dr. Gideon Avni


Many studies dealt with the issue of the landscape of Jerusalem during the Early Roman period. These studies were based primarily on the writings of Flavius Josephus. To this were added the details from archaeological excavations, which contributed to more precise reconstructions of the landscape of Early Roman Jerusalem.

However, it seems that some assumptions were accepted without a solid base. The issue of the Mount Zion slopes and the City of David is a case in point. This area, which is named by Josephus "the lower city", was considered in the primary stages of the research as a peripheral or poor part of Early Roman Jerusalem. The excavations near the Temple Mount, which began in 1968, exposed first indications for a slightly different conception of the status of this area. The new excavations (1995-until the present) are contributing more data for "the lower city" area, which indicate that status of this area was more important, or at least heterogenic.

In my thesis, I will attempt to present the overall picture of the lower city according to the knowledge collected from all the excavations. In light of this I will discuss the status of the lower city, and its combination with the other parts of the Jerusalem.


2007-2010 - Givati Parking Lot excavations (Management Team) - the City of David, Jerusalem. (Field work and publication of the stone objects and other findings).