Institute of Archaeology
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
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Prehistoric Archaeology
Archaeology of the Biblical Period
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Classical Archaeology
Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
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Computerized Archaeology
Restoration & Conservation
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Prof. Joseph Naveh


Principal books

The Development of the Aramaic Script, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Proceedings V/1, Jerusalem 1970

On Stone and Mosaic The Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Ancient Synagogues, Carta and Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem 1978 (in Hebrew)

Early History of the Alphabet An Introduction to West Semitic Epigraphy and Palaeography, Magnes Press-E.J. Brill, Jerusalem - Leiden 1982 (2nd revised edition, Jerusalem 1987)

(with S. Shaked), Amulets and Magic Bowls Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity, Magnes Press and E.J. Brill, Jerusalem and Leiden 1985 (2nd edition, Jerusalem 1987; 3rd edition, Jerusalem 1998)

(with Y. Yadin), The Aramaic and Hebrew Ostraca and Jar Inscriptions, in: Masada, I, Israel Exploration Society and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem , Jerusalem 1989, pp. 1-68, Pls. 1-59

On Sherd and Papyrus Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from the Second Temple , Mishnaic and Talmudic Periods, Magnes Press, Jerusalem 1992 (in Hebrew)

(with S. Shaked), Magic Spells and Formulae Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity, Magnes Press, Jerusalem 1993

(with I. Eph‘al), Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century BC from Idumaea, Magnes Press and Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem 1996

Other publications

(including Hebrew articles and books without equivalent English versions)

Khirbat al-Muqanna–Ekron”, Israel Exploration Journal (IEJ) 8 (1958), pp. 87-100; 165-170

“The Archaeological Survey of Ein Gedi”, Phoenix 4 (1958), pp. 56-66

“Chalcolitic Remains in Engedi”, Bulletin of the Israel Exploration Society (BIES) 22 (1958), pp. 46-48 (in Hebrew)

“A Hebrew Letter from the Seventh Century B. C.”, IEJ 10 (1960), pp. 129-139

“More Hebrew Inscriptions from Mesad Hashavyahu”, IEJ 12 (1962), pp. 27-32

“The Excavations at Mesad Hashavyahu – Preliminary Report”, IEJ 12 (1962), pp. 89-113

“Old Hebrew Inscriptions in a Burial Cave ”, IEJ 13 (1963), pp. 74-92

“Some Notes on the Reading of the Mesad Hashavyahu Letter”, IEJ 14 (1964), pp. 158-159

“Une fortresse israelienne du temps de Josias”, Bible et Terre Sainte 63 (1964), pp. 8-21

“Canaanite and Hebrew Inscriptions”, Leshonenu 30 (1966), pp. 65-80 (in Hebrew)

“Phoenician and Punic Inscriptions”, Leshonenu 30 (1966), pp. 232-239 (in Hebrew)

“The Scripts of Two Ostraca from Elath”, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research (BASOR) 183 (1966), pp. 27-30

“Old Aramaic Inscriptions (1960-1965)”, Annali, Istituto Orientale di Napoli (AION) 16 (1966), pp. 19-36

The History of Engedi in the Light of an Archaeological Survey, Engedi Field School , 1966 (book, in Hebrew)

“Some Notes on the Nabatean Inscriptions from ‘Avdat”, IEJ 17 (1967), pp. 187-189

“The Date of the Deir ‘Alla Inscription in Aramaic Script”, IEJ 17 (1967), pp. 256-258

“Dated Coins of Alexander Janneus”, IEJ 18 (1968), pp. 20-25

“Aramaica Dubiosa”, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 27 (1968), pp. 317-325

“A Palaeographic Note on the Distribution of the Hebrew Script”, Harvard Theological Review 61 (1968), pp. 68-74

(with H. Tadmor) “Some Doubtful Aramaic Seals”, AION 18 (1968), pp. 448-452

“The Scripts in Palestine and Transjordan in the Iron Age”, in: Near Eastern Archaeology in the Twentieth Century Ñ Essays in Honor of Nelson Glueck (ed. J.A. Sanders), Garden City, N.Y. 1970, pp. 277- 283

“The ‘Yehud’ Seal Impressions”, Proceedings of the Fifth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem 1969, pp. 98-100 (in Hebrew)

“Sinaitic Remarks”, Shmuel Yeivin Volume, Jerusalem 1970, pp. 371-374 (in Hebrew)

(with E.Y. Kutscher and S. Shaked), “The Aramaic Inscriptions of Ashoka”, Leshonenu 34 (1970), pp. 125-136 (in Hebrew)

(with E.Y. Kutscher), “The Bilingual (Greek Aramaic) Inscription from Armazi”, Leshonenu 34 (1970), pp. 309-313 (in Hebrew)

The Development of the Aramaic Script, The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Proceedings V/1, Jerusalem 1970 (book)

“The Ossuary Inscriptions from Giv‘at ha-Mivtar”, IEJ 20 (1970), pp. 33-37

“The Origin of the Mandaic Script”, BASOR 198 (1970), pp. 32-37

Review of J.B. Pritchard, The Ancient Near East, Supplementary Texts and Pictures Relating to the Old Testament, IEJ 21 (1971), pp. 66-67

“Hebrew Texts in Aramaic Script in the Persian Period?”, BASOR 203 (1971), 27-32

“The Palaeography of the Hermopolis Papyri”, Israel Oriental Studies (IOS) 1 (1971), pp. 120-122

“An Aramaic Ostracon from Tel Ashdod”, ‘Atiqot 9-10 (1971), pp. 200-201

“The Aramaic Inscriptions on Boundary Stones from Armenia ”, Die Welt des Orients 6 (1971), pp. 42-46

“Alphabet, North West Semitic”; “Alef”; “Bet”; “Gimel” etc., Encyclopaedia Judaica, Jerusalem 1971

(with S. Shaked) “A Recently Published Aramaic Papyrus”, Journal of the American Oriental Society (JAOS) 91 (1971), 379-382

“The North-Mesopotamian Aramaic Script-Type in the Late Parthian Period”, IOS 2 (1972), pp. 297-304

Review of J. C. L. Gibson, Textbook of Syrian Semitic Inscriptions, I: Hebrew and Moabite Inscriptions, IEJ 22 (1972), pp. 187-188

“Word Division in West Semitic Writing”, IEJ 23 (1973), pp. 206-208

“An Aramaic Tomb Inscriptions Written in Paleo-Hebrew Script”, IEJ 23 (1973), pp. 82-91

“Some Semitic Epigraphical Considerations on the Antiquity of the Greek Alphabet”, American Journal of Archaeology 77 (1973), pp. 1-8

Review of J. Friedrich and W. Röllig, Phönizisch-punische Grammatik, JAOS 93 (1973), pp. 588-589

(with S. Shaked) “Ritual Texts or Treasury Documents?”, Orientalia 42 (1973), pp. 445-457

“The Aramaic Ostraca”, in: Beer-Sheba, I (ed. Y. Aharoni), Tel Aviv 1973, pp. 79-82

“PîLê in a New Aramaic Ostracon”, Leshonenu 37 (1973), pp. 270-274 (in Hebrew)

(with E. Stern) “A Stone Vessel with a Thamudic Inscription”, IEJ 24 (1974), pp. 79-83

“Remarks on Two East Aramaic Inscriptions”, BASOR 216 (1974), pp. 9-11

“Remarks on the Some Aramaic Inscriptions from Ancient Synagogues”, Leshonenu 38 (1974), pp. 295-299 (in Hebrew)

“Aramaic Inscriptions from Hyrcania”, ‘Atiqot 7 (1974), pp, 56-57 (in Hebrew)

“An Aramaic Inscription from El-Mal – A Survival of ‘Seleucid Aramaic’ Script”, IEJ 25 (1975), pp. 117-123

“Another Mandaic Lead Roll”, IOS 5 (1975), pp. 47-53

Review of F.L. Benz, Personal Names in Phoenician and Punic Inscriptions, IEJ 25 (1975), pp. 183-184

Origins of the Alphabet, Cassell, London , 1975 (book)

“Thamudic Inscriptions from the Negev”, Eretz Israel 12 (1975), pp. 129-131 (in Hebrew)

(with Orly Goldwasser) “The Origin of the.Tet-Symbol”, IEJ 26 (1976), pp. 15-19

“Syriac Miscellanea”, ‘Atiqot 11 (1976), pp. 102-104

Review of E. Lipinski , Studies in Aramaic Inscriptions and Onomastics, IEJ 26 (1976), pp. 148-149

Review of J.B. Frey, Corpus Inscriptionum Judaicarum, I, IEJ 27 (1977), pp. 179-181

“Achievements and Objectives in Ancient West Semitic Epigraphy”, Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress of Jewish Studies, I (ed. A. Shinan), Jerusalem 1977, pp. 15-320

On Stone and Mosaic The Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Ancient Synagogues, Carta and Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem , 1978 (book, in Hebrew)

“Some Considerations on the Ostracon from ‘Izbet Sartah”, IEJ 28 (1978), pp. 31-35

Review of S. Segert , Altaramäische Grammatik and A Grammar of Phoenician and Punic, IEJ 28 (1978), pp. 205-206

Review of R. Macuch, Zur Sprache und Literatur der Mandäer, Bibliotheca Orientalia 35 (1978), pp. 326-327

“Ancient North Arabian Inscriptions on Stone Bowls”, Eretz Israel 14 (1978), pp. 178-182 (in Hebrew)

“A Nabatean Incantation Text”, IEJ 29 (1979), pp. 111-119

“Varia Epigraphica Judaica”, IOS 9 (1979), pp. 17-31

Review of J. Hoftijzer and G. van der Kooij, Aramaic Texts from Deir ‘Alla, IEJ 29 (1979), pp. 133-136

“Graffiti and Dedications”, BASOR 235 (1979), pp. 27-30

“The Aramaic Ostraca from Tel Beer Sheba (Seasons 1871-1976)”, Tel-Aviv 6 (1979), pp. 182-198

“The Ostracon from Nimrud – An Ammonite Name-List”, Maarav 2/2 (1979-1980), pp. 163-171

“An Aramaic Consolatory Burial Inscription”, ‘Atiqot 14 (1980), pp. 55-59

“The Greek Alphabet – New Evidence”, Biblical Archaeologist 43 (1980), pp 22-25

Review of L.G. Herr, The Scripts of Ancient West Semitic Seals, BASOR 239 (1980), pp. 75-76

“A Greek Dedication in Samaritan Letters”, IEJ 31 (1981), pp. 220-222

“The Aramaic Ostraca from Tel Arad”, in: Y. Aharoni (ed.), Arad Inscriptions, Jerusalem 1981, pp.153-174

Review of M. Bar-Asher, Palestinian Syriac Studies – Source-Texts, Traditions and Grammatical Problems, Revue Biblique 43 (1981), pp. 285-286

A Jewish Epigraphy Reader – Selected from Tarbiz, Magnes Press, Jerusalem , 1981 (edited volume)

“‘Belonging to Makbiram’ or ‘Belonging to the Food Servers’?”, Eretz Israel 15 (1981), pp. 301-302 (in Hebrew)

Early History of the Alphabet – An Introduction to West Semitic Epigraphy and Palaeography, Jerusalem-Leiden 1982; 2nd revised edition, Jerusalem 1987 (book) (Additions and Corrections on pp. 213-222)

“A Fragment of an Ancient Hebrew Inscription from the Ophel”, IEJ 32 (1982), pp. 195-198

“Some Recently Forged Inscriptions”, BASOR 247 (1982), pp. 53-58

“An Ancient Amulet or a Modern Forgery?”, Catholic Biblical Quarterly 44 (1982), pp. 282-284

Review of A. Bounni and J. Teixidor, Inventaire des inscriptions de Palmyre XII, JAOS 102 (1982), pp. 184-185

“A Recently Discovered Palestinian Jewish Aramaic Amulet”, in: Arameans, Aramaic and the Aramaic Literary Tradition (ed. M. Sokoloff), Ramat-Gan 1983, 81-88

Review of Z. Zevit, Matres Lectionis in Ancient Hebrew Epigraphs, IEJ 33 (1983), pp. 139-140

“Script and Writing”, in: The Restoration – the Persian Period (ed. H. Tadmor et al.), A. Pel’i Publishing Society, Jerusalem 1983, pp. 229-235; 312-314 (in Hebrew)

“Inscriptions of the Biblical Period”, in: Recent Archaeology in the Land of Israel (ed. B. Mazar and H. Shanks), Washington 1984, pp. 59-68

(with J.C. Greenfield) “Hebrew and Aramaic in the Persian Period”, in: The Cambridge History of Judaism, I (ed. W.D. Davies and L. Finkelstein), Cambridge 1984, pp. 115-129; 421-425

Review of D. Pardee, Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Letters, IEJ 34 (1984), 278-279

Review of K.P Jackson, The Ammonite Language of the Iron Age, IEJ 34 (1984), p. 284

(with S. Shaked) Amulets and Magic Bowls – Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity, Jerusalem 1985 (book; 2nd edition 1987; 3rd edition 1998)

“Writing and Scripts in Seventh Century B.C.E. Philistia”, IEJ 35 (1985), pp. 8-21

“Published and Unpublished Aramaic Ostraca”, ‘Atiqot 17 (1985), pp. 114-121

“Another Jewish Aramaic Tombstone from Zoar”, Hebrew Union College Annual 56 (1985), pp. 103-116

Review of J.B. Segal, Aramaic Texts from North Saqqara , IEJ 35 (1985), pp. 210-212

(with J.C. Greenfield) “A Mandaic Lead Amulet with Four Incantations”, Eretz Israel 18 (1985), pp. 367-382 (in Hebrew)

“A Good Subduing. There is None Like It, An Ancient Amulet from the Galilee ”, Tarbiz 54 (1985), pp. 367-382 (in Hebrew)

“A Medical Document or a Writing Exercise? –The So-Called 4Q Therapeia”, IEJ 36 (1986), pp. 52-55

“The Fifth Jewish Aramaic Tombstone from Zoar”, Liber Annuus 37 (1987), pp. 369-371

“Proto-Canaanite, Archaic Greek and the Script of the Aramaic Text on the Tell Fakhariyah Statue”, in: Ancient Israelite Religion – Essays in Honor of F.M. Cross (ed. P.T. Miller), Philadelphia , Fortress Press, 1987, pp. 101-113

“Unpublished Phoenician Inscriptions from Palestine ”, IEJ 37 (1987), pp. 25-30

“Lamp Inscriptions and Inverted Writing”, IEJ 38 (1988), pp. 36-43

Review of P. Bordreuil, Catalogue des sceaux ouest-semitiques , Journal of Semitic Studies (JSS), 33 (1988), pp. 115-116

“Some Considerations on the Ancient Samaritan Inscriptions”, in: Studia Semitica necnon Iranica Rudolpho Macuch Septuagenario ab amicis et discipulis dedicata, Wiesbaden , Otto Harrassowitz, 1989, pp. 179-185

(with I. Eph‘al) “Hazael’s Booty Inscriptions”, IEJ 39 (1989), pp. 192-200

(with Y. Yadin) “The Aramaic and Hebrew Ostraca and Jar Inscriptions”, in: Masada, I, Jerusalem 1989, pp. 1-68, Pls. 1-59 (book)

“Did the Ancient Samaritan Inscriptions Belong to Synagogues?”, Ancient Synagogues in Israel, Proceedings of Symposium, University of Haifa, May 1987, Oxford, BAR International Series 499, 1989, pp. 61-63

“The Epigraphic Finds from Areas A and B”, in: Hazor, III-IV, Jerusalem , Israel Exploration Society and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem , 1989, pp. 346-347

“The Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from Ancient Synagogues”, Eretz Israel , 20 (1989), pp. 302-310 (in Hebrew)

“Miscellanea Onomastica Hebraica”, Semitica 39 (1989), pp. 59-62

“Nameless People”, IEJ 40 (1990), pp. 108-123

“A Further Correction in the Reading of the Petra Temple Inscription ”, BASOR 280 (1990), p. 89

“Marginalia on the deeds of Kefar Baro”, in Shai le-Chaim Rabin, Studies on Hebrew and Other Semitic Languages Presented to Professor Chaim Rabin (ed. M. Goshen-Gottstein et al.), Jerusalem 1990), pp. 231-234 (in Hebrew)

(with A. Kempinski) “A Phoenician Seal Impression on a Jar Handle from Kabri”, Tel Aviv 18 (1991), pp. 244-247

“Semitic Epigraphy and the Antiquity of the Greek Alphabet”, Kadmos 30 (1991), pp. 143-152

“The Phoenician Hundred-Sign”, Rivista di Studi Fenici 19 (1991), pp. 139-144

(with C. S. Lightfoot) “A North Mesopotomian Aramaic Inscription on a Relief in the Tigris Gorge”, Aram 3:1&2 (1991), pp. 317-337

Review of M. Maraqten, Die semitischen Personennamen in den alt- und reichsaramäischen Inschriften aus Vorderasien (Texte und Studien zur Orientalistik, Band 5), IEJ 41 (1991), pp. 300-301

“Aramaic Ostraca and Jar Inscriptions from Tell Jemmeh”, ‘Atiqot 21 (1992), pp. 49-53

(with R. Kotansky & S. Shaked), “Greek-Aramaic Silver Amulet from Egypt in the Ashmolean Museum ”, Le Muséon 105 (1992), pp. 5-26

“The Numbers of Bat in the Arad Ostraca”, IEJ 42 (1992), pp. 52-54

On Sherd and Papyrus - Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions from the Second Temple , Mishnaic and Talmudic Periods. Jerusalem , Magnes Press, (1992), 244 pp. (book, in Hebrew)

“Hebrew Versus Aramaic in the Epigraphic Finds of the Second Temple–Bar-Kokhba Period”. Leshonenu, 56 (1992), pp. 301-316 (in Hebrew)

“Hebrew versus Aramaic in the Epigraphic Finds after the Bar-Kokhba Period”. Leshonenu, 57 (1992), pp. 17-38 (in Hebrew)

“(with I. Eph‘al) The Jar of the Gate”, BASOR 289 (1993), pp. 59-65

“Aramaic Script”. Anchor Bible Dictionary, I, pp. 342-345

(with S. Shaked) Magic Spells and Formulae – Aramaic Incantations of Late Antiquity, Magnes Press, Jerusalem , 1993 (book)

(with A. Biran) “An Aramaic Stele Fragment from Tel Dan”, IEJ 43 (1993), pp. 81-98

(with Yulia Ustinova) “A Greek-Palmyrene Aramaic Dedicatory Inscription from the Negev ”, ‘Atiqot 22 (1993), pp. 91-96

Review of J. Hoftijzer and G. van der Kooij (eds.), The Balaam Text from Deir ‘Alla Re-Evaluated (Proceedings of the International Symposium held at Leiden 21-24 August 1989), IEJ 44 (1994), pp. 255-256

(with A. Biran) “The Tel Dan Inscription: A New Fragment”, IEJ 45 (1995), pp. 1-18

“The Inscriptions from Failaka and the Lapidary Aramaic Script”, BASOR 297 (1995), pp. 1-4

“Phoenician Ostraca from Tel Dor”, in Z. Zevit et al. (eds.) Solving Riddles and Untying Knots, Epigraphic and Semitic Studies in Honor of J.C. Greenfield, Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake Indiana, 1995, pp. 459-464

Review of Beatrice Gruendler, The Development of the Arabic Scripts from the Nabatean Era to the First Islamic Centuries According to Dated Texts, IEJ 45 (1995), pp. 300-302

“Aramaic Tombstones from Zoar”, Tarbiz 44 (1995), pp. 477-497 (in Hebrew)

Review of Josef Tropper, Die Inschriften von Zincirli. Archiv für Orientforschung 62/63 (1995/6), pp. 277-278

“On Formal and Informal Spelling of Unpronounced Gutturals”, in Hannah M. Cotton et al. (eds.) Studies In Memory of Abraham Wasserstein, Volume I, Scripta Classica Israelica 15 (1996), pp. 263-267

“Gleanings of Some Pottery Inscriptions”, IEJ 46 (1996), pp. 44-51

“A Bilingual (Greek-Aramaic) Inscription from Qastra: The Aramaic Inscription”, ‘Atiqot 29 (1996), pp. 77-78

(with I. Eph‘al) Aramaic Ostraca of the Fourth Century BC from Idumaea, Magnes Press & Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem 1996 (book)

“A Syriac Amulet on Leather”, Journal of Semitic Studies 42 (1997), pp. 33-38

(with S. Gitin , T. Dothan) “A Royal Dedicatory Inscription from Ekron”, IEJ 47 (1997), pp. 1-16

“Excavation of the Courthouse Site at ‘ Akko : Phoenician Seal Impressions”, ‘Atiqot 31 (1997), pp. 115-119

(with Y. Magen) “Aramaic and Hebrew Inscriptions of the Second Century BCE at Mount Gerizim ”, ‘Atiqot 32 (1997), pp. 9*-17*

Review of D.R. Hillers & Eleonora Cussini, Palmyrene Aramaic Texts, BASOR 305 (1997), pp. 90-91

“Achish-Ikausu in the Light of the Ekron Dedication”, BASOR 310 (1998), pp. 35-37

Review of B. Porten (ed.), The Elephantine Papyri in English, JSS 43 (1998), pp. 183-4

“Scripts and Inscriptions in Ancient Samaria ”, IEJ 48 (1998), pp. 91-100

“Fragments of an Aramaic Magic Book from Qumran ”, IEJ 48 (1998), pp. 252-261

(with I. Eph‘al) “Remarks of the Recently Published Moussaief Ostraca”, IEJ 48 (1998), pp. 269-273

“Marginalia on the Inscriptions from Dan and Ekron”, Eretz Israel 26 (1999), pp, 119-122 (in Hebrew)

“More on the Tombstones of Zoar”, Tarbiz 68 (1999), pp, 581-586 (in Hebrew)

“Hebrew and Aramaic Inscriptions”, in D.T. Ariel (ed.) The Excavations of the City of David, 1978-1985, Directed by Yigal Shiloh, Qedem 41 (2000), 1-14

Seven New Epitaphs from Zoar”, Tarbiz 69 (2000), 619-635 (in Hebrew)

“Two Tombstones from Zoar in the Hecht Museum Collection – The Aramaic Inscriptions”, Michmanim 15 (2001), pp. 5-9 (in Hebrew)

“An Aramaic Amulet from Bar‘am”, in A.J. Avery-Peck & J. Neusner (ed.), Judaism in Late Antiquity, Part 3, Where We Stand: Issues & Debates in Ancient Judaism. Volume 4. The Special Problem of the Synagogue. Brill, Leiden-Boston-Köln 2001, pp. 179-184

Review of Ch. R. Krahmalkov, Phoenician-Punic Dictionary, IEJ 51 (2001), pp. 112-113

Review of Ch. R. Krahmalkov, Phoenician-Punic Grammar, IEJ 51 (2001), pp. 113-115

“Hebrew Graffiti from the First Temple Period ”, IEJ 51 (2001), pp. 194-207

“A Sixth-Century BCE Edomite Seal from ‘En Hazeva”, ‘Atiqot 42 (2001), pp. 197-198

“The Relative Pronoun Opening Short Aramaic Inscriptions and the Body of the Bar-Kokhba Letters”, in Y. Yadin et al. (eds.), The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters, Hebrew Aramaic and Nabatean Aramaic Papyri, Jerusalem 2002, Appendix C, pp. 380-382

Review of J. Friedrich and W. Röllig, Phönizisch-punische Grammatik (3. Auflage, neu bearbeitet von Maria Giulia Amadasi Guzzo), IEJ 52 (2002), pp. 100-102

“Epigraphic Miscellanea”, IEJ 52 (2002), 240-253

“Some New Jewish Palestinian Aramaic Amulets”, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 26 (2002), pp.231-236

“A Bilingual Burial Inscription from Saba ”, Leshonenu 65 (2003), 117-120 (in Hebrew)

(with D.T. Ariel) “Selected Inscribed Sealings from Kedesh in the Upper Galilee ”, BASOR 329 (2003), 61-80

(with S. Shaked) “A ‘Knot’ and a ‘Break”: Terms for Receipt in Antiquity”, IEJ 53 (2003), 111-118